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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 3: Lifestyle intervention modifies various steps of vascular inflammation and pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. ER, endoplasmic. ER, endoplasmic reticulum; NFκβ, nuclear factor kappa beta; IL-6, interleukin-6; CRP, C-receptive protein; PAI-1, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1; TNF-α, tumour necrosis factor-alpha; FFA, free fatty acids; SMC, smooth muscle cells; UPR, unfolded protein response.

Figure 3: Lifestyle intervention modifies various steps of vascular inflammation and pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. ER, endoplasmic. ER, endoplasmic reticulum; NFκβ, nuclear factor kappa beta; IL-6, interleukin-6; CRP, C-receptive protein; PAI-1, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1; TNF-α, tumour necrosis factor-alpha; FFA, free fatty acids; SMC, smooth muscle cells; UPR, unfolded protein response.