Indian Journal of Medical Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 152  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 263--272

Clinical profile & long-term natural history of symptomatic coronary artery disease in young patients (<30 yr)


Arun Gopalakrishnan, Harikrishnan Sivadasanpillai, Sanjay Ganapathi, Krishna Kumar Mohanan Nair, Sivasankaran Sivasubramonian, Ajitkumar Valaparambil 
 Department of Cardiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr Harikrishnan Sivadasanpillai
Department of Cardiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology, Thiruvananthapuram 695 011, Kerala
India

Background & objectives: Several studies have shown a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in patients in the age group of 30-74 yr, but there is a paucity of data in young patients below 30 yr. We analyzed the clinical and coronary angiographic profile of patients <30 yr of age with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) and also assessed their intermediate and long-term outcomes. Methods: All patients less than 30 yr of age who presented with symptomatic CAD from 1978 to 2017 in the department of Cardiology of a tertiary care hospital in south India, were studied for coronary risk factors and angiographic and treatment patterns, and the follow up data were collected. Results: The mean age of the 159 patients <30 yr of age was 26.7±3.29 yr. Male preponderance was observed (91.8%), 63.5 per cent patients were smokers and 88.3 per cent were dyslipidaemic. Acute myocardial infarction was the most common mode of presentation. Forty one per cent patients were non-adherent to medications. Risk factor control was inadequate with respect to smoking cessation, alcoholism, physical activity and dietary regulation. The predictors of long-term mortality were multivessel CAD [hazard ratio (HR): 1.927, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.003-3.701] and reduction in ejection fraction (EF) (10% decrease in EF; HR: 1.349, 95% CI: 1.096-1.662). Overall mortality was 30 per cent at 10 yr and 48 per cent at 20 yr. Interpretation & conclusions: Decreasing EF and multivessel involvement were found to be the strong correlates for long-term mortality in young patients below 30 yr of age with CAD. High long-term mortality rates and poor risk factor control suggest the vast scope for the improvement of outcomes in these patients with aggressive risk factor control.


How to cite this article:
Gopalakrishnan A, Sivadasanpillai H, Ganapathi S, Mohanan Nair KK, Sivasubramonian S, Valaparambil A. Clinical profile & long-term natural history of symptomatic coronary artery disease in young patients (<30 yr).Indian J Med Res 2020;152:263-272


How to cite this URL:
Gopalakrishnan A, Sivadasanpillai H, Ganapathi S, Mohanan Nair KK, Sivasubramonian S, Valaparambil A. Clinical profile & long-term natural history of symptomatic coronary artery disease in young patients (<30 yr). Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Nov 24 ];152:263-272
Available from: https://www.ijmr.org.in/article.asp?issn=0971-5916;year=2020;volume=152;issue=3;spage=263;epage=272;aulast=Gopalakrishnan;type=0