Indian Journal of Medical Research

CLINICAL IMAGES
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 139  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 474--475

A rare cause of left back pain


Chang-Han Lo, Heng-Cheng Chu 
 Department of Internal Medicine Tri-service General Hospital National Defense Medical Center 325, Sec 2, Cheng-Kung Road Neihu 114, Taipei, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Heng-Cheng Chu
Department of Internal Medicine Tri-service General Hospital National Defense Medical Center 325, Sec 2, Cheng-Kung Road Neihu 114, Taipei
Taiwan




How to cite this article:
Lo CH, Chu HC. A rare cause of left back pain.Indian J Med Res 2014;139:474-475


How to cite this URL:
Lo CH, Chu HC. A rare cause of left back pain. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Sep 26 ];139:474-475
Available from: https://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2014/139/3/474/132215


Full Text

A 56 year old woman presented to the outpatient department of Internal Medicine, Tri-service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, in June 2012 with left upper back soreness, swelling in lower limbs and mild dyspnoea for the past several weeks. On admission, physical examination was remarkable for malnutrition, anaemic conjunctivae and pitting oedema of both lower legs. Laboratory studies showed the following: haemoglobin, 9.4 g/dl; albumin, 2.8 g/dl; alanine aminotransferase, 81 IU/l; total bilirubin, 0.5 mg/dl; d-dimer, 6030 ng/ml; carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9, 5050 IU/ml; carcino embryonic antigen (CEA), 15.35 ng/ml and CA125, 860 IU/ml. Contrast enhanced computed tomography identified a hypovascular lesion in the left hepatic lobe and perihepatic ascites [Figure A]. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a nodular mass over the left longissimus dorsi muscle [Figure B] in addition to the hepatic tumour. An ultrasound-guided biopsy was performed for the lumbar muscular tumour. Pathological analysis confirmed an adenocarcinoma [Figure C], which was positive for cytokeratin 7 [Figure D], but negative for cytokeratin 20, hepa-1 and thyroid transcription factor (TTF-1). Based on laboratory, imaging and histologic features, diagnosis of the intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with left longissimus dorsi muscle metastasis was made.{Figure A}{Figure B}{Figure C}{Figure D}

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is highly invasive and usually spreads with lymphatic chains, or otherwise, intrudes adjacent structures or visceral organs [1],[2] . Metastasis of skeletal muscle is a rare condition that typically involves the buttock, erector spinalis, iliacus, psoas and thorax [1],[2],[3] , and frequently presents with pain [1],[3] . Therefore, muscular pain in patients with cholangiocarcinoma should raise the suspicion of metastatic disease [3] . A multimodality treatment approach with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgical tumour debulking is usually the option for these patients. Most of patients die in less than a year from diagnosis [2] . Palliative radiotherapy with 45 Gy in 25 fractions was chosen for symptoms relief regarding the hepatic tumour and muscular lesion. Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT) technique was selected to spare normal liver and spinal cord. Under incomplete six courses of palliative radiotherapy, the patient presented with subsided pain, but died of progressive disease one month later.

References

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2Kwon OS, Jun DW, Kim SH, Chung MY, Kim NI, Song MH, et al. Distant skeletal muscle metastasis from intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma presenting as Budd-Chiari syndrome. World J Gastroenterol 2007; 13 : 3141-3.
3Li J, Henry MR, Roberts LR. Rare distant skeletal muscle metastasis from hilar cholangiocarcinoma: report of a case. J Gastrointest Cancer 2011; 42 : 171-3.