Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 153  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 367-374

Hitchhiking microbes: Declining biodiversity & emerging zoonoses

1 Symbiosis International University, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Symbiosis Institute of Business Management, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 Oikos for Ecological Services, Pune, Maharashtra, India
4 Intern and wildlife researcher, Ecological Society, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Gurudas Nulkar
Trustee Ecological Society, Adjunct faculty Symbiosis International University, 893 Sadashiv Peth, Pune 411 030, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_620_21

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The connection between nature conservation and human wellbeing is well known, however, the role of declining biodiversity and emerging diseases is relatively less studied. The presence of a thriving biological diversity is known to have therapeutic effects on human health. On the other hand, human economic activities have contributed to a sharp decline in species, resulting in poor ecosystem health. Several studies have shown how microorganisms have switched from animals to humans, leading to novel diseases. This review describes studies on zoonotic diseases and biodiversity, with examples from India. It is argued that conservation of biodiversity and ecosystems and changes in economic activities must be made to ward off new diseases, and why cooperation between ministries is critical to restrict the decline of biological diversity in a megadiverse country like India.

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