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CLINICAL IMAGE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 152  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 30

Cardiac aspergillosis in a patient with chronic granulomatous disease


Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110 029, India

Date of Submission29-Aug-2019
Date of Web Publication25-May-2021

Correspondence Address:
Manish Soneja
Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1493_19

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How to cite this article:
Arora U, Soneja M. Cardiac aspergillosis in a patient with chronic granulomatous disease. Indian J Med Res 2020;152, Suppl S1:30

How to cite this URL:
Arora U, Soneja M. Cardiac aspergillosis in a patient with chronic granulomatous disease. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Aug 4];152, Suppl S1:30. Available from: https://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2020/152/7/30/316717

A 29 yr old male with culture-proven disseminated aspergillosis having cutaneous, orbital involvement and epilepsy was diagnosed with chronic granulomatous disease based on dihydrorhodamine flow cytometry. He came to the Emergency Department of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India, in March 2018, with acute myocardial infarction with angiography revealing complete left circumflex (LCx) and 90 per cent left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery occlusion. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) revealed an intra-myocardial mass encasing the affected coronary vessels [Figure 1]; MRI of the brain showed ring-enhancing lesions in the bilateral cerebral hemispheres [Figure 2]. He was on treatment with voriconazole for seven years; however, serum drug levels were found to be sub-therapeutic. In April 2019, he developed a recurrence of cutaneous lesions and received salvage therapy with intravenous voriconazole and caspofungin. Repeat cMRI showed minimal reduction in size. The patient declined intravenous therapy beyond three weeks and, due to paucity of alternative efficacious oral antifungal agents in disseminated aspergillosis, was continued on voriconazole and remained asymptomatic on follow up for six months.
Figure 1: Four-chamber axial-phase sensitive inversion recovery sequence view. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 7.7 × 6.2 × 6.2 cm heterogeneous intra-myocardial mass (arrow) involving trans-mural left ventricle adjacent to the stented segment of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery. Similar lesions were present in other parts of left ventricle as well as right atrium (RA) at superior vena cava–RA junction. There was no focus of fungal lesion in the lungs. The right ventricle (RV) is also shown.

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Figure 2: Magnetic resonance imaging brain T1 with gadolinium-contrast enhancement: Multiple well-defined peripherally enhancing lesions (arrows) with peri-lesional oedema in the bilateral fronto-parieto-temporal lobes, the largest one measuring 4 × 3.6 cm in the right parietal lobe.

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Conflicts of Interest: None.


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

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