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CLINICAL IMAGE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 152  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 232-233

A case report of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa: Butterfly baby


1 Department of Dermatology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh 522 503, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry 605 107, India

Date of Submission20-Nov-2019
Date of Web Publication25-May-2021

Correspondence Address:
Hima Gopinath
Department of Dermatology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh 522 503
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_2392_19

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How to cite this article:
Gopinath H, Anbumani SM. A case report of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa: Butterfly baby. Indian J Med Res 2020;152, Suppl S1:232-3

How to cite this URL:
Gopinath H, Anbumani SM. A case report of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa: Butterfly baby. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Jul 30];152, Suppl S1:232-3. Available from: https://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2020/152/7/232/316847

Patient's consent obtained to publish clinical information and images.


A 37 day old female child presented to the Dermatology outpatient department of Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India, in September 2018, with complaints of peeling of skin and multiple erosions at sites of friction or trauma. The child was the first born in a first-degree consanguineous marriage. On examination, there were multiple erosions with crusts over the trunk, legs, ankle and dorsum of feet [Figure 1]A and a few post-inflammatory hypopigmented macules over the trunk [Figure 1]B. There were no mucosal lesions, nail involvement or milia. Histopathological examination revealed a normal epidermis with subepidermal bulla. Antigen mapping with antibody probes revealed staining with Type IV collagen, laminin 332, bullous pemphigoid antigen 180 on the epidermal side of the split and complete absence of staining of Type VII collagen, suggestive of the dystrophic type of epidermolysis bullosa. The erosions were cleaned with saline and covered with mupirocin ointment and paraffin gauze dressings. The parents were taught regarding gentle handling of the child and use of soft inside-out clothing to reduce friction. The erosions reduced in size in a week. Follow up after one year showed a few small erosions, loss of a few nails and multiple hypopigmented macules and atrophic scars [Figure 2].
Figure 1: (A) Multiple erosions (yellow arrows) with crusts over the legs, ankle and dorsum of feet. (B) A few post-inflammatory hypopigmented macules (white arrows) over the trunk.

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Figure 2: Multiple hypopigmented macules and atrophic scars (yellow arrows), and loss of nails (blue arrow).

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An accurate diagnosis of the subtype of epidermolysis bullosa is essential to provide prognostic information and genetic counselling. At present, there is no cure for epidermolysis bullosa, and thus protection from trauma and ensuring optimal wound healing form the mainstay of management.

Acknowledgment: Authors acknowledge Dr Arulkumaran Arunagirinanthan, department of Pediatrics, Sri Manakula Vinayagar College and Hospital, Puducherry, for his guidance and support in the management of this case.


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

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