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CLINICAL IMAGE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 152  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 209

Good's syndrome: Thymoma with hypogammaglobulinaemia


Department of Clinical Immunology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry 605 006, India

Date of Submission20-Nov-2019
Date of Web Publication25-May-2021

Correspondence Address:
K G Chengappa
Department of Clinical Immunology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry 605 006
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_2330_19

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How to cite this article:
Mathew A, Chengappa K G. Good's syndrome: Thymoma with hypogammaglobulinaemia. Indian J Med Res 2020;152, Suppl S1:209

How to cite this URL:
Mathew A, Chengappa K G. Good's syndrome: Thymoma with hypogammaglobulinaemia. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Aug 4];152, Suppl S1:209. Available from: https://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2020/152/7/209/316829

Patient's consent obtained to publish clinical information and images.


A 49 yr old male presented to the department of Clinical Immunology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry, India, in May 2016, with a two-year history of recurrent sinopulmonary infections, diarrhoea and weight loss. On evaluation, HIV serology was negative and routine biochemistry was normal except for hypogammaglobulinaemia. Chest X-ray [Figure 1]A showed mediastinal widening. Computed tomography of the thorax [Figure 1]B revealed a mass and later on confirmed to be thymoma-WHO Type-A [Figure 1]C on histopathology. Investigations for repeated infections revealed decreased levels of serum immunoglobulins (Ig) G, M, A and E. Flow cytometry analysis confirmed absent CD19+ B cells. Thymomas are known to cause numerous immune dysregulation syndromes, and Good's syndrome like in this case is one among them. The patient was started on maintenance intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy and co-trimoxazole prophylaxis and is doing well on follow up. Good's syndrome is a rare cause of acquired B- and T-cell immunodeficiency, causing increased susceptibility to bacterial infections, and opportunistic fungal and viral infections. In adult-onset hypogammaglobulinaemia, an active search for thymoma may be warranted.
Figure 1: (A) Chest X-ray PA view showing mediastinal widening (red arrow). (B) Axial section of computed tomographic scan showing anterior mediastinal mass (green arrow). (C) H and E section (×100) of the mass showing parenchyma comprising sheets of spindle cells with minimal lymphoid cells (arrow), arranged in short, storiform fascicles, vague whorls and interrupted by cystic spaces with focal microcystic pattern. Vascularity is increased with prominent perivascular spaces. Consistent with WHO-Type A thymoma.

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Conflicts of Interest: None.


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