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CLINICAL IMAGE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 152  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 181-182

Rare case of congenital generalized lipodystrophy type 1


Department of Endocrinology, Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam 530 002, Andhra Pradesh, India

Date of Submission20-Nov-2019
Date of Web Publication25-May-2021

Correspondence Address:
K A.V. Subrahmanyam
Department of Endocrinology, Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam 530 002, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_2275_19

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How to cite this article:
Shyam Sundar CM, Subrahmanyam K A. Rare case of congenital generalized lipodystrophy type 1. Indian J Med Res 2020;152, Suppl S1:181-2

How to cite this URL:
Shyam Sundar CM, Subrahmanyam K A. Rare case of congenital generalized lipodystrophy type 1. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Jul 29];152, Suppl S1:181-2. Available from: https://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2020/152/7/181/316809

The child's assent and parent's consent obtained to publish clinical information and images.


A 17 yr old female child was presented to the department of Endocrinology, Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam, India, in October 2019, with pathological bilateral radial neck fracture. She was born of third-degree consanguineous marriage second in birth order, with normal secondary sexual characters, secondary amenorrhoea for five years, diagnosed diabetes mellitus three years ago, and was on basal bolus insulin regimen at 2 U/kg body weight for the last two years. Elder sister also has diabetes and secondary amenorrhoea.

On examination, body mass index was 26.55 kg/m2; acanthosis nigricans, generalized absence of subcutaneous tissue, acromegaloid features [Figure 1] and [Figure 2], muscular appearance, phlebomegaly and clitoromegaly were present. Further evaluation showed hypertriglyceridaemia and multiple cysts in the tubular bones [Figure 3] and [Figure 4]. The features were suggestive of congenital generalized lipodystrophy type I. The patient was managed with basal bolus insulin, statins, fibrates and conservative management for fracture. Congenital generalized lipodystrophy should be suspected in patients with loss of subcutaneous tissue, insulin resistance and acromegaloid features.
Figure 1: Loss of subcutaneous tissue over abdomen.

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Figure 2: Acromegaly of feet.

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Figure 3: X-ray of the right elbow showing multiple bone cysts in radius, ulna and humerus (arrows).

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Figure 4: X-ray of the right ankle showing bone cysts in the tibia (arrow).

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Conflicts of Interest: None.


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]



 

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