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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 152  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 296-302

Effect of zinc supplementation on relative expression of immune response genes in neonates with sepsis: A preliminary study


1 Department of Neonatology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry, India
2 Department of Biochemistry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr Ballambattu Vishnu Bhat
Director-Medical Research, Department of Paediatrics & Neonatology, Aarupadai Veedu Medical College & Hospital, Kirumampakkam, 607 402, Puducherry
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_557_18

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Background & objectives: Zinc alters gene expression mainly by binding to a site on the transcription factor. Genome-wide expression studies have shown early repression of genes related to zinc and immunity in adult patients with sepsis. The present study was conducted to evaluate the role of zinc supplementation on relative expression of immune response genes in neonatal sepsis. Methods: In the present study, a sample of convenience of 22 neonates each was selected from the zinc supplemented and control groups using random numbers for expression of immune-related genes by zinc supplementation. These neonates with sepsis were earlier randomized into two groups: with and without zinc supplementation in addition to standard antibiotics and supportive care. Relative expression of immune response genes were analyzed for 22 neonates in each group using quantitative real-time PCR for calprotectin (S100A8/A9), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4), cluster of differentiation 14 (CD14) and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) genes. Results: An increase in serum zinc levels was observed in zinc-supplemented group compared to controls. S100A8 gene showed downregulation by three-fold (P <0.001) and S100A9 gene showed upregulation by two-fold (P <0.05) in zinc group compared to controls. CD14 gene showed upregulation by one-fold in zinc-supplemented group compared to controls (P <0.05). No significant fold changes were observed with respect to TNF-α, IL-6, LBP and TLR-4 genes between the two groups. Interpretation & conclusions: The results of our preliminary study showed that the zinc supplementation might modulates the relative expression of immune-related genes involved in sepsis pathway among neonates. However, studies with larger sample size are needed to be done to provide a better picture on the outcome by gene expression in neonatal sepsis by zinc supplementation.


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