Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 147  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 611-614

Environmental surveillance of Legionella pneumophila in distal water supplies of a hospital for early identification & prevention of hospital-acquired legionellosis

Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ujjwala Nitin Gaikwad
Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Tatibandh, GE Road, Raipur 492 099, Chhattisgarh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_527_17

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Background & objectives: Legionella pneumophila, a ubiquitous aquatic organism is found to be associated with the development of the community as well as hospital-acquired pneumonia. Diagnosing Legionella infection is difficult unless supplemented with, diagnostic laboratory testing and established evidence for its presence in the hospital environment. Hence, the present study was undertaken to screen the hospital water supplies for the presence of L. pneumophila to show its presence in the hospital environment further facilitating early diagnosis and prevention of hospital-acquired legionellosis. Methods: Water samples and swabs from the inner side of the same water taps were collected from 30 distal water outlets present in patient care areas of a tertiary care hospital. The filtrate obtained from water samples as well as swabs were inoculated directly and after acid buffer treatment on plain and selective (with polymyxin B, cycloheximide and vancomycin) buffered charcoal yeast extract medium. The colonies grown were identified using standard methods and confirmed for L. pneumophila by latex agglutination test. Results: About 6.66 per cent (2/30) distal water outlets sampled were found to be contaminated with L. pneumophila serotype 2-15. Isolation was better with swabs compared to water samples. Interpretation & conclusions: The study showed the presence of L. pneumophila colonization of hospital water outlets at low levels. Periodic water sampling and active clinical surveillance in positive areas may be done to substantiate the evidence, to confirm or reject its role as a potential nosocomial pathogen in hospital environment.

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