Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 147  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 594-602

Therapeutic implications of nano-encapsulated rifabutin, azithromycin & ethambutol against experimental Mycobacterium avium infection in mice


Department of Biochemistry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sadhna Sharma
Department of Biochemistry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh 160 012
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_2004_15

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Background & objectives: Mycobacterium avium causes atypical infection in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals. Conventional chemotherapy for M. avium infection is not efficient due to lengthy course of treatment and drug-associated toxic side effects. The present study was aimed at reducing dosing frequency of antimicrobial regimen consisting of azithromycin (AZM), rifabutin (RBT) and ethambutol (EMB) by encapsulation of drugs in nanoparticles (NPs) in experimental M. avium infection in mice. Methods: Poly (DL-lactide-co-glycolide) NPs containing anti-M. avium drugs were prepared, characterized and studied for their pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics parameters. Drug-loaded NPs were further analyzed for their therapeutic efficacy against experimental M. avium infection in mice. Results: Drug-loaded NPs were of size 227.3±16.4 for RBT, 334.35±11.7 for AZM and 509.85±20.5 for EMB with smooth surface morphology and negative zeta potential. AZM, EMB and RBT from NPs were detectable for 6, 4 and 5 days, respectively, in the mice plasma, whereas free drugs were cleared from mice circulation within 24 h. Chemotherapeutic effects of weekly administered drug-loaded NPs were equivalent to daily administered free drugs. Interpretation & conclusions: Our findings showed that NPs gave sustained release of drugs inside plasma and organs, thus decreasing dosage frequency, and their weekly dosage had therapeutic efficacy equivalent to daily dosage of free drugs.


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