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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 147  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 496-500

Ocular manifestations in patients attending antiretroviral therapy centre at a tertiary care hospital in Himachal Pradesh, India

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Kangra, India
2 Department of Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Kangra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr Anil Chauhan
Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Tanda 176 001, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1037_15

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Background & objectives: Ocular manifestations in HIV/AIDS patients range from adnexal disorders to the posterior segment disease. This study was aimed to evaluate the ocular manifestations, including vision-threatening manifestations in HIV-positive patients attending an antiretroviral therapy centre (ART) of a tertiary care hospital in north India and its association with the CD4+ cell count. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the department of Ophthalmology in collaboration with the ART centre. An equal number of patients were selected from each year i.e., 30 patients each from those registered in the year 2010 till 2015. These patients were selected randomly from the register using systematic randomization. Hence, a total of 150 patients were examined for ocular manifestations. All the patients included in this study were on highly active ART. Results: Of the 150 patients examined, 53 per cent were females and 47 per cent were males. Heterosexual transmission was the most common mode of transmission in 126 (84%) patients. Maximum number of patients was in the age group of 31-40 yr. Ocular manifestations were present in 53 [35.3%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 28-43%] patients. Twelve (8%; 95% CI: 4-12%) patients had lid and adnexal manifestations. Anterior-segment manifestations were present in 20 (13.3%; 95% CI: 8-19%) patients. Posterior-segment manifestations were present in 21 (14%; 95% CI: 8-20%) and vision-threatening posterior-segment ocular lesions were present in 14 per cent of the patients. Univariate logistic regression showed a significant (P<0.001) inverse association of CD4+T-cell count with the vision-threatening posterior-segment ocular lesions. Interpretation & conclusions: Routine ocular examination may be done in all the HIV/AIDS patients to detect and treat vision-threatening ocular lesions at the earliest.

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