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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 146  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 774-779

Provider-initiated HIV testing & counselling in incident tuberculosis cases under National TB Programme conditions at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Tirupati, south India


1 Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, India
2 Department of Statistics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Alladi Mohan
Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati 517 507, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_639_15

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Background & objectives: As sparse published data are available regarding burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in incident tuberculosis (TB) cases at tertiary care teaching hospitals under National TB Programme conditions from India, the present study was designed to assess the proportion of referred registered TB patients who had actually undergone HIV testing and HIV-seropositivity in these. Methods: This was a study of provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling in patients registered for the treatment under Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) of Government of India at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Tirupati, south India, during 2012-2013. Results: Between January 2012 and June 2013, 610 adult patients registered under RNTCP who were referred to Integrated Counselling and Testing Centre for HIV testing, were prospectively studied. Of these, 458 patients (75%) [mean age: 38.6±16.3 yr; 295 (64.4%) males] underwent HIV testing; HIV-co-infection was present in 21 (4.6%) patients. A significantly higher proportion of HIV co-infection was evident in PTB compared with EPTB [13/179 (7.2%) vs 8/279 (2.8%); respectively, P=0.038] and in previously treated patients compared to new patients [6/51 (11.8%) vs 15/407 (3.7%); respectively, P=0.009]. Interpretation & conclusions: The findings of this study showed that a higher proportion of TB patients underwent HIV testing (75%) compared to the national figure of 63 per cent in 2013-2014. HIV seropositivity (4.6%) in TB patients who underwent HIV testing was similar to the five per cent figure observed at national level during 2013-2014. The HIV status of 25 per cent of patients with incident TB still remained unknown, suggesting a need for better integration and co-ordination for effective management of HIV-TB co-infection.


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