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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 146  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 738-745

Expression of p53 & epidermal growth factor receptor in glioblastoma


Department of Pathology & Neurosurgery, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Radhika Kottu
Department of Pathology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Alipiri Road, Tirupati 517 507, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1179_15

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Background & objectives: Glioblastoma (GB) is the most frequent brain tumour, manifesting at any age, with a peak incidence between 45 and 75 years. Primary and secondary GBs constitute relatively distinct disease entities in evolution, in expression profiles and in therapeutic response. Histopathologically, primary and secondary GBs are indistinguishable. The aim of this investigation was to study the immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of p53 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in GB with the objective of categorizing the morphological variants of GB into primary and secondary based on the presence of low-grade areas and knowing the variable expression of p53 and EGFR in primary and secondary GB. Methods: A total of 28 patients with GB were studied and categorized into primary and secondary based on the presence of low-grade areas, i.e. discernible astrocytic morphology, gemistocyte and oligodendroglia. Tumours with the presence of combination of the above features or any one of the above features were taken as secondary GB, whereas tumours with highly pleomorphic areas were considered as primary GB. IHC was done on the representative tissue blocks for p53 and EGFR. Results: Majority of the patients were in the fifth and sixth decades of life with a mean age of 46.96±13 yr with male preponderance (male:female 2.5:1). Mean age of presentation was 48.93±12 yr in primary and 44.69±15 yr in secondary GB. All cases of GB were classified into primary (53.57%) and secondary (46.43%) based on morphology. EGFR was more frequently expressed than p53. Based on IHC, 50 per cent of cases were classified into primary, three per cent into secondary and 47 per cent as unclassified. Interpretation & conclusions: Histopathological features, i.e. presence of low-grade areas, may play a role in classifying GB into primary and secondary. EGFR has a pivotal role in gliomagenesis. Combination of p53 and EGFR alone may not be sufficient to clarify GB into primary and secondary.


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