Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 146  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 381-385

Development & standardization of an in-house IgM indirect ELISA for the detection of parvovirus B19 infections

1 Sri Sakthi Amma Institute of Biomedical Research, Sri Narayani Hospital & Research Centre, Vellore, India
2 Department of Microbiology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, India
3 Department of Microbiology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College & Research Institute (Deemed to be University), Chennai, India
4 Centre for Infectious Diseases & Control, School of Biosciences & Technology, VIT University, Vellore, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr Mageshbabu Ramamurthy
Sri Sakthi Amma Institute of Biomedical Research, Sri Narayani Hospital & Research Centre, Sripuram, Vellore 632 055, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_225_16

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Background & objectives: Parvovirus B19 infections occur worldwide; the infection is acquired early in childhood but could occur later. B19 is reported to cause infection in childhood febrile illnesses, and arthropathies in adults and children and in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) seen in adults. This study was designed to develop an in-house IgM indirect ELISA for serological screening among patients and controls, and to compare ELISA results with those of nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) assay. Methods: An in-house IgM indirect ELISA was standardized using peptide sequence of VP1/VP2 region of parvovirus B19. A total of 201 children and adult with febrile illnesses, 216 individuals with non-traumatic arthropathies, 201 cases of chronic anaemia associated with ESRD and 100 healthy controls were tested. Serum was separated from the blood and subsequently used for DNA extraction. The nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) for the detection of B19V DNA was performed using primers targeting the overlapping region of VP1/VP2 capsid protein genes. Results: A total of 618 samples were tested for parvovirus B19 by an in-house IgM indirect ELISA. Among these samples, six were positive by in-house ELISA. The inter-rater agreement between ELISA and PCR assays was calculated using kappa coefficient analysis. The value of κ was 0.77 and the strength of agreement was 'good' (P<0.001). Interpretation & conclusions: The in-house IgM indirect ELISA was found to be simple with high sensitivity and specificity when compared with nPCR and could be used as an alternative to expensive commercial kits in resource-poor settings.

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