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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 146  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 375-380

Molecular characterization of Plasmodium falciparum in Arunachal Pradesh from Northeast India based on merozoite surface protein 1 & glutamate-rich protein


1 ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre, Dibrugarh, India
2 Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Doha, Qatar
3 ICMR-National Institute for Research in Tribal Health, Jabalpur, India
4 Department of Medical Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr Pradyumna Kishore Mohapatra
Regional Medical Research Centre, NE (Indian Council of Medical Research), Post Box No. 105, Dibrugarh 786 001, Assam
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_291_16

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Background & objectives: Northeast (NE) India is one of the high endemic regions for malaria with a preponderance of Plasmodium falciparum, resulting in high morbidity and mortality. The P. falciparum parasite of this region showed high polymorphism in drug-resistant molecular biomarkers. However, there is a paucity of information related to merozoite surface protein 1 (msp-1) and glutamate-rich protein (glurp) which have been extensively studied in various parts of the world. The present study was, therefore, aimed at investigating the genetic diversity of P. falciparum based on msp-1 and glurp in Arunachal Pradesh, a State in NE India. Methods: Two hundred and forty nine patients with fever were screened for malaria, of whom 75 were positive for P. falciparum. Blood samples were collected from each microscopically confirmed patient. The DNA was extracted; nested polymerase chain reaction and sequencing were performed to study the genetic diversity of msp-1 (block 2) and glurp. Results: The block 2 of msp-1 gene was found to be highly polymorphic, and overall allelic distribution showed that RO33 was the dominant allele (63%), followed by MAD20 (29%) and K1 (8%) alleles. However, an extensive diversity (9 alleles and 4 genotypes) and 6-10 repeat regions exclusively of R2 type were observed in glurp. Interpretation & conclusions: The P. falciparum population of NE India was diverse which might be responsible for higher plasticity leading to the survival of the parasite and in turn to the higher endemicity of falciparum malaria of this region.


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