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CLINICAL IMAGES
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 145  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 700

Peripilar keratin cysts or pseudonits: When nits are not nits!


Department of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy, Dr. R. P. Government Medical College, Kangra, Tanda 176 001, Himachal Pradesh, India

Date of Submission30-Dec-2015
Date of Web Publication25-Sep-2017

Correspondence Address:
Vikram K Mahajan
Department of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy, Dr. R. P. Government Medical College, Kangra, Tanda 176 001, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_2029_15

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How to cite this article:
Rawat R, Mahajan VK. Peripilar keratin cysts or pseudonits: When nits are not nits!. Indian J Med Res 2017;145:700

How to cite this URL:
Rawat R, Mahajan VK. Peripilar keratin cysts or pseudonits: When nits are not nits!. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2017 [cited 2021 May 12];145:700. Available from: https://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2017/145/5/700/215553

A 19 yr old girl presented to the Dermatology Outpatient Clinic of Dr. R. P. Government Medical College, Kangra (Tanda), Himachal Pradesh, India, in April 2015, with whitish cylindrical nits-like structures of variable sizes encircling scalp hair shafts [Figure 1] for the past 5-6 months. Their removal by washing or combing and treatments for pediculosis was unsuccessful. She did not have seborrhoeic dermatitis or pediculosis capitis. KOH mounts showed no fungus. A diagnosis of peripilar keratin cystswas made after light microscopy and dermatoscopic examination [Figure 2]. Tretinoin 0.025 per cent solution application overnight, shampooing and combing next morning for two weeks was useful, after that she did not come for follow up.
Figure 1: Naked eye examination showing peripilar keratin cysts as multiple discrete firm, shiny, 2-7 mm long, white tubular accretions encircling hair on vertex/frontal scalp at variable lengths from the scalp.

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Figure 2: (A) Peripilar keratin cysts as seen under light microscopy in saline mount. These can be missed in KOH mount as these are dissolved (B) Amorphous whitish tubular structure of peripilar keratin cysts of variable lengths encircling the hair shaft on dermoscopy.

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Pseudonits resembling lice/nits cause significant psychosocial embarrassmentin children/adolescents. These are often idiopathic/primary or secondary to seborrhoeic dermatitis, psoriasis or excessive traction. Treatment with topical retinoic acid (0.025%) solution and keratolytic/tar shampoos and physical removal become imperative to prevent embarrassment, but recurrences are usual.


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

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