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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 143  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 136-141

Dual transcripts of BCR-ABL & different polymorphisms in chronic myeloid leukaemia patients

1 Institute of Life Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Sparsh Hospital & Critical Care, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 Department of Clinical Haematology, SCB Medical College, Cuttack, India

Correspondence Address:
Soumen Chakraborty
Institute of Life Sciences, Nalco Square, Bhubaneswar 751 023, Odisha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-5916.191816

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Background & objectives: Chronic myeloid leukaemia is (CML) characterized by the presence of a hallmark chromosomal translocation, the Philadelphia chromosome. Although there are many reports available regarding the different variants of BCR-ABL in CML, we studied the co-expression of e13a2 and e14a2 transcripts and a few polymorphisms in CML patients. Methods: Molecular genetics approach was adapted to screen for polymorphisms, mutation and translocation in BCR, ABL kinase domain and BCR-ABL breakpoint region in 73 CML patients. Results: All eight patients with dual transcripts were found to harbour an exonic polymorphism (c.2700 T>C) and an intronic polymorphism (g.109366A>G) that were earlier reported to be associated with co-expression of both the transcripts. We also observed c.763G>A mutation in ABL kinase domain and two polymorphisms, c.2387 A>G and c.2736A>G in the BCR gene. Interpretation & conclusions: Though our data support the previous findings that co-expression of BCR-ABL transcripts is due to the occurrence of exonic and intronic polymorphisms in the BCR gene, it also shows that the intronic polymorphism can arise without the linked exonic polymorphism. The occurrence of ABL kinase domain mutation is less frequent in Indian population.

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