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CORRESPONDENCE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 143  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 376

Prevalence of hypertension & prehypertension among school children


1 Division of Allergy-Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160 032, India
2 Department of Paediatrics, Government Medical College, Sector 32, Chandigarh 160 032, India

Date of Web Publication19-May-2016

Correspondence Address:
Avinash Sharma
Division of Allergy-Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160 032
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-5916.182633

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How to cite this article:
Sharma A, Bhattad S, Kumar P. Prevalence of hypertension & prehypertension among school children. Indian J Med Res 2016;143:376

How to cite this URL:
Sharma A, Bhattad S, Kumar P. Prevalence of hypertension & prehypertension among school children. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2016 [cited 2020 Oct 30];143:376. Available from: https://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2016/143/3/376/182633

Sir,

Apropos article on distribution of blood pressure and correlates of hypertension in school children1, the prevalence of hypertension in the studied population has been reported to be 7.6 per cent. It is important to be aware of high prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension in the school-going children. therefore, it is vital to measure blood pressure even in healthy children during hospital visits, though the US recommendations do not find any benefit or harm in screening children for hypertension for prevention of later development of cardiovascular diseases[2].

In a study from north India3, it was shown that hypertension was more common in girls and prehypertension was more prevalent in boys. In the current study, it is not clear whether children with prehypertension were included in the calculation of final prevalence of 7.6 per cent. The studied population in this study[1] includes children from government as well as private schools. It could have been interesting if authors had compared data from these two groups. It is likely that children from private schools have high prevalence of hypertension as has been shown by some workers[4],[5] because of the difference in socio-economic status and thereby in lifestyles.

Further, the prevalence of hypertension has been reported after observations during a single visit when it is evident that the prevalence of high blood pressure decreases on subsequent measurements as demonstrated by many workers[3],[6],[7]. It would be appropriate to follow these children having high blood pressure to look for the later measurements.

 
   References Top

1.
Borah PK, Devi U, Biswas D, Kalita HC, Sharma M, Mahanta J. Distribution of blood pressure & correlates of hypertension in school children aged 5-14 years from North East India. Indian J Med Res 2015; 142 : 293-300.   Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Moyer VA; U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for primary hypertension in children and adolescents: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Pediatrics 2013; 132 : 907-14.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Sharma A, Grover N, Kaushik S, Bhardwaj R, Sankhyan N. Prevalence of hypertension among schoolchildren in Shimla. Indian Pediatr 2010; 47 : 873-6.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Kaur J, Mehta P. Prevalence of hypertension and its association with body fat percentage among government and private schoolgirls in Ludhiana. Hum Biol Rev 2012; 1 : 235-47.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Buch N, Goyal JP, Kumar N, Parmar I, Shah VB, Charan J. Prevalence of hypertension in school going children of Surat city, Western India. J Cardiovasc Dis Res 2011; 2 : 228-32.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Rames LK, Clarke WR, Connor WE, Reiter MA, Lauer RM. Normal blood pressure and the evaluation of sustained blood pressure elevation in childhood: the Muscatine study. Pediatrics 1978; 61 : 245-51.  Back to cited text no. 6
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7.
Sorof JM, Lai D, Turner J, Poffenbarger T, Portman RJ. Overweight, ethnicity, and the prevalence of hypertension in school-aged children. Pediatrics 2004; 113 : 475-82.  Back to cited text no. 7
    



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