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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 143  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 135-144

Immune based therapy for melanoma


1 University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davila", Bucharest, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
2 "Victor Babes" National Institute of Pathology, Bucharest, Romania

Correspondence Address:
Robert Ancuceanu
University of Medicine & Pharmacy "Carol Davila", Bucharest, Faculty of Pharmacy, 6 Traian Vuia street, Bucharest
Romania
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-5916.180197

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A few years ago therapeutic options in advanced melanoma were very limited and the prognosis was somber. Although recent progresses are far from providing a cure for advanced melanoma, yet these have kindled new hopes and searching for a cure does not seem unreasonable. Seven new medicines have been authorized in various regions of the world in the recent past in the therapy of advanced melanoma, over half of them acting by mechanisms involving the immune system of the host. The anti-CTLA-4 (cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated protein-4) ipilimumab has been followed by anti-PD1 (programmed death1) inhibitors, more effective and safer. Very recently, the first oncolytic immunotherapy, talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC) has been authorized for placing on the market and a variety of combinations of the new therapies are currently being evaluated or considered. Besides, a plethora of other molecules and approaches, especially monoclonal antibodies, are in the preliminary phases of clinical investigation and are likely to bring new benefits for the treatment of this potentially fatal form of cancer.


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