Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
  Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login  
  Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Users Online: 1888       
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 139  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 459-462

Demographics of animal bite victims & management practices in a tertiary care institute in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

1 Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Seth GS Medical College & KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
2 University of Massachusetts Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

Correspondence Address:
N J Gogtay
Additional Professor, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Seth G.S. Medical College & KEM Hospital, New M.S. Building 1st Floor, Acharya Donde Marg, Parel, Mumbai 400 012
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 24820842

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Background & objectives: Rabies is an important public health problem worldwide and more than 55,000 people die annually of the disease. The King Edward Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, is a tertiary referral centre where a rabies clinic runs 24 hours. In view of lack of information about the demographics of the disease in an urban environment the present study was carried out. Methods: Data on 1000 consecutive animal bite victims presenting to the institute in 2010 were collected over a 15 wk period. An electronic database was specially created for capturing information and was modelled on the information available from the WHO expert consultation on rabies, 2005. Economic burden from the patients' perspective was calculated using both direct and indirect costs. Results: The victims were largely males (771 subjects). The dog was the major biting animal (891, 89.1%).Bites were mainly of Category III (783, 78.3%). One twenty three subjects used indigenous treatments only for local wound care. Of the Category III bites, only 21 of 783 (2.7%) patients were prescribed human rabies immunoglobulin (HRIG) which was primarily for severe bites or bites close to or on the face. A total of 318 patients did not complete the full Essen regime of the vaccine. The median cost to the patient per bite was ` 220 (3.5 USD). Interpretation & conclusions: Our findings showed that the use of HRIG was low with less than 2 per cent of the Category III patients being prescribed it. As vaccine and HRIG continue to remain expensive, the intradermal vaccine, shorter regimes like the Zagreb regime and monoclonal antibodies may offer safer and cost-effective options in the future. Further studies need to be done in different parts of the country.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded404    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal