Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 138  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 648-662

Sialic acids siglec interaction: A unique strategy to circumvent innate immune response by pathogens


Cancer Biology & Inflammatory Disorder Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Chitra Mandal
Cancer Biology & Inflammatory Disorders Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, 4, Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata 700 032
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 24434319

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Sialic acids (Sias) are nine-carbon keto sugars primarily present on the terminal residue of cell surface glycans. Sialic acid binding immunoglobulins (Ig)-like lectins (siglecs) are generally expressed on various immune cells. They selectively recognize different linkage-specific sialic acids and undertake a variety of cellular functions. Many pathogens either synthesize or acquire sialic acids from the host. Sialylated pathogens generally use siglecs to manipulate the host immune response. The present review mainly deals with the newly developed information regarding mechanism of acquisition of sialic acids by pathogens and their biological relevance especially in the establishment of successful infection by impairing host innate immunity. The pathogens which are unable to synthesize sialic acids might adsorb these from the host as a way to engage the inhibitory siglecs. They promote association with the immune cells through sialic acids-siglec dependent manner. Such an association plays an important role to subvert host's immunity. Detailed investigation of these pathways has been discussed in this review. Particular attention has been focused on Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) and Leishmania donovani.


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