Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 138  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 497-503

Association of socio-economic status with family history in adult patients with asthma


1 Department of Studies in Zoology, University of Mysore, Mysore, India
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, J.S.S. Medical College; Allergy Asthma & Chest Center, Allergy Asthma Associates, Mysore, India
3 Allergy Asthma & Chest Center, Allergy Asthma Associates, Mysore, India

Correspondence Address:
Nallur B Ramachandra
Genomics Laboratory, Department of Studies in Zoology, University of Mysore, Manasagangothri, Mysore 570 006
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 24434256

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Background & objectives: Socio-economic status is associated with increased morbidity in patients with asthma. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between socio-economic status and family history of asthma in adult asthma patients. Methods: The study included 200 adults with asthma and 400 non-asthmatic controls. Socio-economic status was determined based on income. Regression analysis was used to estimate odd ratios in relation to socio-economic class, using age, gender, family history of asthma and smoking habits. Results: The highest occurrence of having any family history of asthma was observed in the high class group (88.2%), followed by upper middle class (79.5%), lower middle class (60%) and the lowest in the low class group (34%). Having any family history of asthma was an important risk factor in both univariate and multivariate analyses in lower middle class, upper middle class and high class, but not in the low class group. Interpretation and conclusions: The results indicated a positive association between having a family history of asthma and higher socio-economic status. Further studies on a large representative sample need to be conducted to confirm these findings.


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