Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
  Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login  
  Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Users Online: 2349       
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 138  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 492-496

Upper limb muscle strength & endurance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

1 Department of Physiology, B.J. Medical College & Sassoon General Hospitals, Pune, India
2 Chest Research Foundation, Pune, India

Correspondence Address:
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 24434255

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Background & objectives: There are very few studies that have investigated the muscle strength and endurance of upper limbs (UL) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We undertook this study to measure and compare the skeletal muscle strength and endurance of UL in COPD patients and age matched healthy controls and to study the association between lung function parameters and UL muscle strength and endurance. Methods: Forty one COPD patients and 45 height and weight matched healthy subjects of the same age group were studied. UL skeletal muscle strength and endurance were measured using the hand grip dynamometer test. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV 1 ), forced expiratory flow during 25-75% FVC (FEF 25-75% ) and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) were measured. The handgrip muscle strength and endurance between the two groups were compared and correlations between FVC and FEV 1 with muscle strength and endurance were analyzed. Results: The mean handgrip strength and mean muscle endurance in COPD patients were significantly lesser than the normal subjects in both males and females (P<0.001). There was significant positive correlation between muscle strength and FVC in males (r 2 =0.32, P<0.05); and between muscle strength and FEV 1 in females (r 2 =0.20, P<0.05). Interpretation & conclusion: The study showed that the handgrip muscle strength decreases as the FVC and FEV 1 decrease in patients with COPD. Identifying those patients who have reduced strength and endurance will allow early interventions targeted at improving the quality of life of the patient.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded584    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal