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CLINICAL IMAGE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 137  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 815-816

A unique presentation of multiple myeloma in an HIV patient


Department of Medicine, Sir J.J. Group of Hospitals, Mumbai 400 066, India

Date of Web Publication17-May-2013

Correspondence Address:
Sumita Agrawal
Department of Medicine, Sir J.J. Group of Hospitals, Mumbai 400 066
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 23703355

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How to cite this article:
Agrawal S, Deshpande A. A unique presentation of multiple myeloma in an HIV patient. Indian J Med Res 2013;137:815-6

How to cite this URL:
Agrawal S, Deshpande A. A unique presentation of multiple myeloma in an HIV patient. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2013 [cited 2020 Oct 20];137:815-6. Available from: https://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2013/137/4/815/112057

A 62 year old male, known case of HIV infection on HAART had first come to Department of Medicine, J.J. Hospital, Mumbai in 2009 with the complaint of depression felt over the scalp since last one year. His skull was shaved and an excavated area of 14 x 9 x 1.5 cm in size in the central region of the skull was seen [Figure 1].
Figure 1. Shaved head of the patient showing the central excavatory area. (A) Posterior view (B) Lateral view.

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There were no other significant complaints or findings on examination. X-ray skull and CT scan brain showed lytic lesion [Figure 2]Serum calcium, ESR and creatinine clearance were normal. Serum protein electrophoresis for M band and urine for bence jones proteins were negative. On immunofixation a faint band of IgG with monoclonal component was present. Bone marrow biopsy showed 3 per cent plasmacytosis. An osteolytic lesion at the lower end of the left humerus and right tibia was also found. The diagnosis made was symptomatic multiple myeloma, stage IIa (Durie Salmon).

Patient was treated with thalidomide (100 mg/day). Repeat imaging after 3 months showed resolution of the humerus and tibia lesion and a developing bony plate in the skull [Figure 2].
Figure 2. CT Scan showing the lytic skull lesion and its resolution by thalidomide therapy.

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Plasma cell disorders in HIV infected patients range from benign polyclonal hypergammaglonulinemia to indeterminate monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS) to malignant dyscrasias, including multiple myeloma and plasma cell leukemia. Hypergammaglobulinemia and oligoclonal banding had been the most frequently reported disorders in the pre-HAART era [1] . Though the optimal therapy for an HIV-infected person with plasma cell dyscrasia is yet to be defined, treatment with immunomodulatory agents (e.g. thalidomide) and proteasome inhibitors (e.g. bortezomib) may be worth considering [1] . Only a few cases of multiple myeloma with HIV with detailed treatment outcome have been reported [2] .

 
   References Top

1.Dezube BJ, Aboulafia DM, Pantanowitz L. Plasma cell disorders in HIV-infected patients: from benign gammopathy to multiple myeloma. AIDS Read 2004; 14 : 372-4, 377-9.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Aboulafia DM. Thalidomide-based treatment for HIV-associated multiple myeloma: a case report. AIDS Read 2003; 13 : 383-9.  Back to cited text no. 2
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

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