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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 137  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 728-733

Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus & associated risk factors at a tertiary care hospital in Haryana


1 Department of Medicine VI & Endocrinology, Community Medicine, Pt. B.D.S. Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India
2 Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Community Medicine, Pt. B.D.S. Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Pt. B.D.S. Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajesh Rajput
Senior Professor & Head, Department of Medicine VII & Endocrinology Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak 124 001, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 23703340

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Background & objectives: Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is known to vary widely depending on the region of the country, dietary habits, and socio-economic status. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of GDM and risk factors associated with it, in women attending an antenatal care (ANC) clinic at a tertiary care hospital in Haryana. Methods: This study enrolled women, with their estimated gestational age between 24 th and 28 th week, attending antenatal care (ANC) clinic at a tertiary care hospital in Rohtak. After informing, women who consented to participate were given a standardized 2-h 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). A proforma containing general information on demographic characteristics, socio-economic status, education level, parity, family history of diabetes and/or hypertension and past history of GDM was filled up. American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria for 75 g 2-h OGTT was used for diagnosing GDM. Results: A total of 607 women participated in the study and GDM was diagnosed in 43 (7.1%) women. A single abnormal value was observed in additional 66 (10.87%) women. On bivariate analysis risk factors found to be significantly associated with GDM were age, educational level, socio-economic status, pre-pregnancy weight and BMI, weight gain, acanthosis nigricans, family history of diabetes or hypertension and past history of GDM but on multivariate analysis only upper middle class and presence of acanthosis nigricans were found to be significantly associated with GDM. Interpretation & conclusions: The prevalence of GDM was found to be 7.1 per cent in a tertiary care hospital in Haryana. Appropriate interventions are required for control and risk factor modifications.


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