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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 134  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 653-657

Pulmonary function studies in young healthy Malaysians of Kelantan, Malaysia


School of Health Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia; Present address: Department of Physiology, University of Calcutta, University College of Science & Technology, 92, A.P.C. Road, Kolkata 700 009, India

Correspondence Address:
Amit Bandyopadhyay
Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, University of Calcutta, University College of Science & Technology, 92, A.P.C. Road, Kolkata 700 009, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-5916.90990

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Background & objectives: Pulmonary function tests have been evolved as clinical tools in diagnosis, management and follow up of respiratory diseases as it provides objective information about the status of an individual's respiratory system. The present study was aimed to evaluate pulmonary function among the male and female young Kelantanese Malaysians of Kota Bharu, Malaysia, and to compare the data with other populations. Methods: A total of 128 (64 males, 64 females) non-smoking healthy young subjects were randomly sampled for the study from the Kelantanese students' population of the University Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu Campus, Kelantan, Malaysia. The study population (20-25 yr age group) had similar socio-economic background. Each subject filled up the ATS (1978) questionnaire to record their personal demographic data, health status and consent to participate in the study. Subjects with any history of pulmonary diseases were excluded from the study. Results: The pulmonary function measurements exhibited significantly higher values among males than the females. FEV 1% did not show any significant inter-group variation probably because the parameter expresses FEV 1 as a percentage of FVC. FVC and FEV 1 exhibited significant correlations with body height and body mass among males whereas in the females exhibited significant correlation with body mass, body weight and also with age. FEV 1% exhibited significant correlation with body height and body mass among males and with body height in females. FEF 25-75% did not show any significant correlation except with body height among females. However, PEFR exhibited significant positive correlation with all the physical parameters except with age among the females. On the basis of the existence of significant correlation between different physical parameters and pulmonary function variables, simple and multiple regression norms have been computed. Interpretation & conclusions: From the present investigation it can be concluded that Kelantanese Malaysian youths have normal range of pulmonary function in both the sexes and the computed regression norms may be used to predict the pulmonary function values in the studied population.


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