Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 133  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 605-612

Protective association exhibited by the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1052133 in the gene human 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (hOGG1) with the risk of squamous cell carcinomas of the head & neck (SCCHN) among north Indians


1 Toxicology Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, India
2 Lucknow Cancer Institute, Lucknow, India

Correspondence Address:
Srikanta Kumar Rath
Scientist E-II, Genotoxicity Laboratory, Toxicology Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, MG Marg, Lucknow 226 001, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 21727658

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Background & objectives: Imbalances in compactly regulated DNA repair pathways in the form of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within vital DNA repair genes may result in insufficient DNA repair and increase in DNA breaks thus rendering the human system vulnerable to the debilitatory effects of grave diseases like cancers. The present study involves investigation of association of the non-synonymous SNP rs1052133 (C8069G/Ser326Cys) located in the exonic region of the gene human 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (hOGG1) with the risk of squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN). Methods: Case-control based genetic association study was performed among 575 (250 SCCHN cases and 325 normal healthy controls) sub-population cluster-matched (Indo-Europeans linguistic subgroup + Caucasoid morphological subtype) samples from the north Indian States of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand using polymerase chain reaction followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and DNA sequencing analysis. Results: Our results demonstrated statistically significant protective association for the heterozygous CG [Odds Ratio (OR) 0.6587, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 0.4615 to 0.9402, P=0.0238], homozygous mutant GG (OR 0.2570, 95% CI 0.1070 to 0.6175, P=0.0013) and combined mutant CG + GG (OR 0.6057, 95% CI 0.4272 to 0.8586, P=0.0059) genotypes. Interpretation & conclusions: The results indicate that the polymorphism rs1052133 is strongly associated with SCCHN susceptibility and the mutant (G) allele might be a protective factor for SCCHN among north Indian subpopulations.


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