Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 132  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 696-700

HIV in Indian prisons: Risk behaviour, prevalence, prevention & treatment


Program of International Research & Training , National Drug & Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Correspondence Address:
Kate Dolan
Program of International Research & Training, National Drug & Alcohol Research Centre UNSW, Sydney 2052, NSW
Australia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 21245617

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Background and Objectives : HIV is a major health challenge for prison authorities. HIV in prisons has implications for HIV in the general community. The aim of this paper was to gather information on HIV risk, prevalence, prevention and treatment in prisons in India. Methods: Relevant published and unpublished reports and information were sought in order to provide a coherent picture of the current situation relating to HIV prevention, treatment and care in prisons in India. Information covered prison management and population statistics, general conditions in prisons, provision of general medical care and the HIV situation in prison. Results: No data on drug injection in prison were identified. Sex between men was reported to be common in some Indian prisons. A national study found that 1.7 per cent of inmates were HIV positive. Some prisons provided HIV education. Condom provision was considered illegal. A few prisoners received drug treatment for drug use, HIV infection or co-infection with sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Interpretation and Conclusions : HIV prevalence in prisons in India was higher than that in the general community. Regular monitoring of information on HIV risk behaviours and prevalence in Indian prisons is strongly recommended. Evidence based treatment for drug injectors and nation-wide provision of HIV prevention strategies are urgently required. Voluntary counselling, testing and treatment for HIV and STIs should be provided.


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