Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 132  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 690-695

Association of serotonin transporter gene polymorphisms with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in a South Indian population

1 Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Bangalore,India
2 Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Bangalore, India; Department of Biology, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
3 Department of Psychiatry& Biostatistics, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Bangalore,India

Correspondence Address:
Sanjeev Jain
Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Hosur Road, Bangalore 560 029,India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 21245616

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Background and Objectives : Serotonin transporter polymorphisms, 5-HTTVNTR and 5-HTTLPR, have been found to be associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and particularly with neurotic characteristics. In the present study we looked for an association between OCD and these polymorphisms in OCD patients and controls of south Indian origin. Methods: 5-HTTVNTR and 5-HTTLPR/rs25531 were genotyped in 93 OCD patients and 92 healthy controls. The allelic distribution and genotype frequency in cases and controls were compared using chi square test. In order to test for the effects of genotype on heterogeneity of the illness, linear regression analysis was undertaken for co-morbid depression status and YBOCS score (severity index). Results: There was no significant association with the 5-HTTVNTR or the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism. No significant association of OCD with the 5-HTTLPR genotype was found even on inclusion of the rs25531 locus, which is part of the transcription factor binding site as reported in earlier studies. However, severity of the illness showed a modest association with the dominant model. Interpretation and Conclusions : Our data show that genetic variation in the SLC6A4 gene regulatory region may not have a significant effect on OCD in the present population. Further replication in a large and independent cohort with an equal number of female subjects would help to ascertain if the absence of association in this cohort is due to the nullifying effect of the larger proportion of male subjects in our sample population. The marginal effect of the 5-HTTLPR (A/G) genotype obtained on linear regression with disease severity is suggestive of a potential role for this locus in the disease process.

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