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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 131  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 259-266

Continuous positive airway pressure therapy : new generations


Sleep Research Laboratory, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Correspondence Address:
John F Garvey
Sleep Research Laboratory, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 20308751

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Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the treatment of choice for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). However, CPAP is not tolerated by all patients with OSAS and alternative modes of pressure delivery have been developed to overcome pressure intolerance, thereby improving patient comfort and adherence. Auto-adjustable positive airway pressure (APAP) devices may be utilised for the long-term management of OSAS and may also assist in the initial diagnosis of OSAS and titration of conventional CPAP therapy. Newer modalities such as C-Flex and A-Flex also show promise as treatment options in the future. However, the evidence supporting the use of these alternative modalities remains scant, in particular with regard to long-term cardiovascular outcomes. In addition, not all APAP devices use the same technological algorithms and data supporting individual APAP devices cannot be extrapolated to support all. Further studies are required to validate the roles of APAP, C-Flex and A-Flex. In the interim, standard CPAP therapy should continue as the mainstay of OSAS management.


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