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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 130  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 361-368

Paraoxonases : structure, gene polymorphism & role in coronary artery disease


Department of Biochemistry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
S Singh
Department of Biochemistry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 19942738

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Paraoxonases (PONs) i.e. PON1, PON2, PON3 are basically lactonases. Of these, PON1 in addition has an efficient esterase activity and can hydrolyze organophosphates. The PONs prevent low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) from peroxidation, thereby preventing atherosclerosis. The PON1 is exclusively associated with high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and its antioxidant activity is largely attributed to PON1 located on it. At present, PON1 status i.e. its activity and concentration, is considered to be more important than polymorphism alone, in prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD). Its activity has been found to be affected by a number of pharmacological agents, diet and other factors, thereby becoming a promising target for pharmacological intervention. The PON2 prevents cell mediated lipid peroxidation. However, little is known about the role of PON3. This review describes the structure, gene polymorphism, and factors affecting the activity of PONs, and their role in prevention of CAD.


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