Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 127  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 489-493

Tetany in kala azar patients treated with paromomycin

Balaji Utthan Sansthan, Patna, India

Correspondence Address:
C P Thakur
Balaji Utthan Sansthan, Patna, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 18653914

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Paromomycin, an aminoglycoside, is known to cause several side effects like nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity like other aminoglycosides but tetany has not been reported. Three cases of tetany were detected in the patients of kala-azar treated with paromomycin. They were promptly treated with intravenous 10 per cent calcium gluconate and tetany was relieved immediately and treatment with paromomycin continued with oral calcium supplement. After completion of 21 days treatment with paromomycin patients' splenic aspirates were free of parasites. Paromomycin may cause temporary tubular damage leading to calcium wasting in urine and hypocalcaemia resulting in tetany. Prompt detection of symptoms and intravenous calcium gluconate treatment promptly reverse the situation.

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