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   2015| November  | Volume 142 | Issue 5  
    Online since December 9, 2015

 
 
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Microbiome: Paediatricians' perspective
Shilpa Khanna Arora, Pooja Dewan, Piyush Gupta
November 2015, 142(5):515-524
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171275  PMID:26658584
  2,097 825 17
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Multidrug-resistant pulmonary & extrapulmonary tuberculosis: A 13 years retrospective hospital-based analysis
Reena Raveendran, Jaswinder Kaur Oberoi, Chand Wattal
November 2015, 142(5):575-582
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171285  PMID:26658593
Background & objectives: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a public health problem of great significance in India. In the present study an attempt was made to analyse the progression of MDR-TB pattern during a course of 13 years (2000-2012) among the patient population at a tertiary care centre in New Delhi, India. Methods: Mycobacterial isolates obtained on Lowenstein-Jensen (L-J) medium/BacT/ALERT 3D were identified using AccuProbe molecular identification system, routine biochemical tests or GenoType Mycobacteria CM. Antimycobacterial susceptibility testing was performed using resistance ratio method on L-J medium (2000-2004) and one per cent proportion method on BacT/ALERT 3D system (2005-2012). Results:Of the total 14,849 samples subjected to mycobacterial culture, 6569 pulmonary and 8280 extrapulmonary, 2364 were detected positive for mycobacteria. The average percentage positivity rate was 15.9 per cent (18.9 and 13.6% in case of pulmonary and extrapulmonary samples, respectively). Our study revealed a significant increase (P<0.001) in multidrug resistance by 12 per cent (4.7% in 2000 to 19.8% in 2012). MDR-TB was more in case of pulmonary (28.2%) than extrapulmonary (11.6%) TB (P<0.001). Only 6.5 per cent (154) of mycobacterial isolates were non-tuberculous mycobacteria and rapid growers represented by Mycobacterium fortuitum and M. abscessus were the most commonly isolated species. Interpretation & conclusions: Increase in prevalence of MDR-TB by 12 per cent in the past 13 years is alarming. Policy modifications may have to be done to strengthen the existing TB control programmes to encourage contact tracing and culture and drug susceptibility testing for all smear positive pulmonary cases to ensure early and appropriate therapy.
  1,614 504 6
Protective effect of pioglitazone on cardiomyocyte apoptosis in low-dose streptozotocin & high-fat diet-induced type-2 diabetes in rats
Uma Bhandari, Vinay Kumar, Parveen Kumar, CD Tripathi, Geetika Khanna
November 2015, 142(5):598-605
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171290  PMID:26658596
Background & objectives: Cardiomyocyte apoptosis is one of the pathologic phenomena associated with diabetes and related conditions including obesity, insulin resistance and hyperlipidaemia. In the present study, the protective effects of pioglitazone on cardiomyocyte apoptosis was evaluated in experimental diabetes induced by low dose of streptozoticin (STZ) combined with high fat diet (HFD) in rats. Methods: Male Wistar rats (150-200 g) were injected with low-dose STZ (45 mg/kg, i.v., single dose) and orally fed with a HFD (20 g/day/rat) for a period of 28 days and simultaneously treated with pioglitazone (20 mg/kg/p.o.) for a period of 21 days (from 8 th day to 28 th day). On 29 th day blood was collected, serum separated and used for biochemical parameters. Heart tissue was used for cardiomyocyte apoptosis measurement and also for histopathological examination. Results: Pioglitazone treatment resulted in a decrease in cardiomyocyte apoptosis as revealed by a decrease in cardiac caspase-3, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels and DNA fragmentation, and an increase in Na+K+ATPase levels in diabetic rats. Cardiac histology of diabetic control rats showed dense focal fatty infiltration in the myocardial cells whereas normal architecture with regular morphology and well preserved cytoplasm was observed with pioglitazone treatment. Pioglitazone treatment significantly reduced the heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure, body mass index (BMI) and levels of serum glucose, leptin, insulin, HOMA-IR, total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TGs), apoliproprotein-B glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and atherogenic index, and increased the levels of serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and cardiac antioxidant enzymes. Interpretation & conclusions: The present study results suggest that pioglitazone possesses cardiac anti-apoptotic potential in diabetic rat model and can be further explored for its use for treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy.
  1,497 558 11
Human papillomavirus (HPV) genome status & cervical cancer outcome - A retrospective study
Poulami Das, Asha Thomas, Sadhana Kannan, Kedar Deodhar, Shyam K Shrivastava, Umesh Mahantshetty, Rita Mulherkar
November 2015, 142(5):525-532
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171276  PMID:26658585
Background & objectives: Persistent infections with high-risk (HR) human papillomaviruses such as HPV 16, 18, 31, 33 and 45 have been identified as the major aetiological factor for cervical cancer. The clinical outcome of the disease is often determined by viral factors such as viral load, physical status and oncogene expression. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of such factors on clinical outcome in HPV16 positive, locally advanced cervical cancer cases. Methods: One hundred and thirty two pretreatment cervical tumour biopsies were selected from patients undergoing radiotherapy alone (n=63) or concomitant chemo-radiation (n=69). All the samples were positive for HPV 16. Quantitative real time-PCR was carried out to determine viral load and oncogene expression. Physical status of the virus was determined for all the samples by the ratio of E2 copies /E7 copies ; while in 73 cases, the status was reanalyzed by more sensitive APOT (amplification of papillomavirus oncogene transcripts) assay. Univariate analysis of recurrence free survival was carried out using Kaplan-Meier method and for multivariate analysis the Cox proportional hazard model was used. Results: The median viral load was 19.4 (IQR, 1.9- 69.3), with viral integration observed in 86 per cent cases by combination of the two methodologies. Both univariate and multivariate analyses identified viral physical status as a good predictor of clinical outcome following radiation treatment, with episomal form being associated with increased recurrence free survival. Interpretation & conclusions: The present study results showed that viral physical status might act as an important prognostic factor in cervical cancer.
  1,294 571 12
Modified low cost SNP genotyping technique using cycle threshold (Ct) & melting temperature (Tm) values in allele specific real-time PCR
D Benet Bosco Dhas, A Hiasindh Ashmi, B Vishnu Bhat, Subash Chandra Parija, N Banupriya
November 2015, 142(5):555-562
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171282  PMID:26658590
Background & objectives: Genotyping has now become one of the major diagnostic means for almost all diseases. Among the advanced techniques that are used to study single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), only a few are applicable for routine disease diagnosis. Their applicability mainly depends on three factors: cost, time, and accuracy. The primary objective of this study was to propose allele-specific real-time PCR as a rapid, low cost and simple genotyping method for routine diagnostics. Methods: Two SNPs, rs3014866 and rs2149356 were analysed using allele-specific real-time PCR. The polymerase chain reaction was carried out using RealQ PCR master mix containing SYBR Green DNA I dye followed by melt curve analysis. The results were validated by agarose gel electrophoresis and DNA sequencing. Results: The allelic discrimination and zygosity of the two SNPs were assessed by combined cycle threshold (Ct) and melting temperature (T m ) values. Variations in Ct and T m values among the two alleles were observed in both rs3014866 (Ct: C allele - 24±1, T allele - 27±1; T m : C allele - 82.5±0.3, T allele - 86.3±0.2) and rs2149356 (Ct: C allele - 24±1, A allele - 26±1; T m : C allele - 79.4±0.2, A allele - 80.4±0.3). Based on the variations, homozygous and heterozygous alleles were detected. Agarose gel electrophoresis and DNA sequencing also confirmed the allelic variation and zygosity observed in real-time PCR. Interpretation & conclusions: In diagnostic settings where a large number of samples are analysed daily, allele-specific real-time PCR assay may serve as a simple, low cost and efficient method of genotyping.
  1,297 535 3
Outbreak of scrub typhus in Puducherry & Tamil Nadu during cooler months
Selvaraj Stephen, Balakrishnan Sangeetha, Stanley Ambroise, Kengamuthu Sarangapani, Dhandapany Gunasekaran, Mohamed Hanifah, Subramanian Somasundaram
November 2015, 142(5):591-597
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171289  PMID:26658595
Background & objectives: The southern part of India has witnessed an increase in scrub typhus (ST) during the past ten years. ST outbreaks occurred during winter months but at intervals of one to three years. With only a few reports of ST in Puducherry, this study was undertaken to look for the persistence of ST cases in Puducherry and Tamil Nadu in the winter months. Methods: During relatively cooler months of September, 2012 to March, 2013, a total of 45 patients with fever and clinical suspicion of ST and who provided both acute and convalescent blood samples were included. Total WBC, platelet counts, serum creatinine, liver enzymes levels and a rapid immunochromatographic test (RICT) for ST were first done. Paired serum samples were analysed by two specific tests - ST IgM and IgG ELISA- and a non-specific, but widely used Weil-Felix (WF) test. Results:Of the 45 patients, 21 adults and seven children were confirmed as ST based on clinical and laboratory findings, and positivity in specific serological test(s). Setting ST IgM and IgG ELISA as reference, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) for RICT were 91.67, 85.71 per cent; 90.48, 100 per cent; 91.67, 100 per cent and 90.48, 80.95 per cent, respectively. Similarly, for WF the values were 83.33, 75 per cent; 95.24, 100 per cent; 95.24, 100 per cent and 83.33, 70.83 per cent, respectively. Interpretation & conclusions: ST continues to persist in the cooler months in Puducherry and neighbouring Tamil Nadu with fever and myalgia as prominent features. None of the tests evaluated in this study was found to be ideal, but ST IgM/IgG ELISA was useful for batch testing and the non-specific WF test can be used in resource poor settings.
  1,369 393 8
Drug resistance among extrapulmonary TB patients: Six years experience from a supranational reference laboratory
Azger Dusthackeer, Gomathi Sekar, Shambhavi Chidambaram, Vanaja Kumar, Pranav Mehta, Soumya Swaminathan
November 2015, 142(5):568-574
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171284  PMID:26658592
Background & objectives: There is limited information available about the drug resistance patterns in extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB), especially from high burden countries. This may be due to difficulty in obtaining extrapulmonary specimens and limited facilities for drug susceptibility testing. This study was undertaken to review and report the first and second-line anti-TB drug susceptibility patterns in extrapulmonary specimens received at the National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (NIRT), Chennai, India, between 2005 and 2012. Methods: Extrapulmonary specimens received from referring hospitals were decontaminated and cultured using standard procedures. Drug susceptibility testing (DST) for Mycobacterium tuberculosis was done by absolute concentration or resistance ratio methods for the first and the second line anti-TB drugs. Results: Between 2005 and 2012, of the 1295 extrapulmonary specimens, 189 grew M. tuberculosis, 37 (19%) cases were multidrug resistant (MDR) while one was extensively drug resistant (XDR). Specimen-wise MDR prevalence was found to be: CSF-10 per cent, urine-6 per cent, fluids and aspirates-27 per cent, pus-23 per cent, lymph nodes-19 per cent. Resistance to isoniazid and ethionamide was found to be high (31 and 38%, respectively). Interpretation & conclusions: Drug resistance including MDR-TB was observed in a significant proportion of extrapulmonary specimens referred for DST. Access to culture and DST for extrapulmonary specimens should be expanded. Guidelines for MDR-TB management should have explicit sections on extra-pulmonary tuberculosis and training on laboratory techniques is urgently required.
  1,198 448 9
EDITORIAL
World Diabetes Day 2015: Healthy living & diabetes
SV Madhu
November 2015, 142(5):503-506
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171263  PMID:26658580
  1,119 431 2
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Isolation & molecular characterization of human parainfluenza virus in Chennai, India
CP Indumathi, P Gunanasekaran, K Kaveri, Kavita Arunagiri, S Mohana, A Khaleefathullah Sheriff, BV SureshBabu, P Padmapriya, R Senthilraja, Gracy Fathima
November 2015, 142(5):583-590
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171287  PMID:26658594
Background & objectives: Human parainfluenza virus (HPIV) accounts for a significant proportion of lower respiratory tract infections in children as well as adults. This study was done to detect the presence of different subtypes of HPIV from patients having influenza like illness (ILI). Methods: Throat and nasal swabs from 232 patients with ILI who were negative for influenza viruses were tested by multiplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction(mRT-PCR) for the detection of human parainfluenza virus. All samples were inoculated in rhesus monkey kidney (LLC-MK2) cell line. Results: Of the 232 samples, 26(11.2%) were positive by mRT-PCR and nine (34.6%) showed cytopathic effect with syncytium formation for HPIV and all were HPIV-3 serotype, other serotypes like 1,2,4 were negative. The HPIV-3 strains (HN gene) were sequenced and analysed. Two novel mutations were identified at amino acid residues 295 and 297. Interpretation & conclusions: The mRT-PCR assay offers a rapid, sensitive and accurate diagnostic method for detection of HPIV which enables early detection and control. In our study there was a predominance of HPIV among 1-5 yr age group and the school going age group was less affected. Further studies need to be done to characterize HPIV isolated from different parts of the country.
  1,118 372 -
Global positioning system & Google Earth in the investigation of an outbreak of cholera in a village of Bengaluru Urban district, Karnataka
N R Ramesh Masthi, M Madhusudan, Yannick P Puthussery
November 2015, 142(5):533-537
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171277  PMID:26658586
Background & objectives: The global positioning system (GPS) technology along with Google Earth is used to measure (spatial map) the accurate distribution of morbidity, mortality and planning of interventions in the community. We used this technology to find out its role in the investigation of a cholera outbreak, and also to identify the cause of the outbreak. Methods: This study was conducted in a village near Bengaluru, Karnataka in June 2013 during a cholera outbreak. House-to-house survey was done to identify acute watery diarrhoea cases. A hand held GPS receiver was used to record north and east coordinates of the households of cases and these values were subsequently plotted on g0 oogle e0 arth map. Water samples were collected from suspected sources for microbiological analysis. Results: A total of 27 cases of acute watery diarrhoea were reported. Fifty per cent of cases were in the age group of 14-44 yr and one death was reported. GPS technology and Google Earth described the accurate location of household of cases and spot map generated showed clustering of cases around the suspected water sources. The attack rate was 6.92 per cent and case fatality rate was 3.7 per cent. Water samples collected from suspected sources showed the presence of Vibrio cholera O1 Ogawa. Interpretation & conclusions: GPS technology and Google Earth were easy to use, helpful to accurately pinpoint the location of household of cases, construction of spot map and follow up of cases. Outbreak was found to be due to contamination of drinking water sources.
  1,055 381 2
Alterations in the levels of plasma amino acids in polycystic ovary syndrome- A pilot study
Sumithra N Unni C, Lakshmi R Lakshman, Kannan Vaidyanathan, KN Subhakumari, N Leela Menon
November 2015, 142(5):549-554
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171281  PMID:26658589
Background & objectives: Plasma amino acid levels are known to be altered in conditions like sepsis and burns which are situations of metabolic stress. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a condition which affects a woman throughout her life, is said to be associated with metabolic stress. This study was undertaken to assess if there were significant alterations in the levels of plasma amino acids in women with PCOS. Methods: Sixty five women with PCOS along with the similar number of age matched normal controls were included in this study. Levels of 14 amino acids were determined using reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography. Results: The levels of methionine, cystine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, valine, tyrosine, proline, glycine, lysine and histidine were found to be significantly (P<0.001) lower in cases than in controls. Arginine and alanine levels were found to be significantly (P<0.001) higher in cases compared with controls. Interpretation & conclusions: Our findings showed significant derangement in the levels of plasma amino acids in women with PCOS which might be due to the oxidative and metabolic stress associated with it. Further studies need to be done to confirm the findings.
  905 398 4
Ocular graft versus host disease in allogenic haematopoetic stem cell transplantation in a tertiary care centre in India
Rehan Khan, Sridevi Nair, Tullika Seth, Pravas Mishra, Manoranjan Mahapatra, Tushar Agarwal, Radhika Tandon, Murugesan Vanathi
November 2015, 142(5):543-548
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171280  PMID:26658588
Background & objectives: This study was aimed to report the occurrence of ocular graft versus host disease (oGVHD) in allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) patients in a tertiary care hospital setting. Methods: A cross-sectional study of ocular surface of allo-HSCT patients was done. Slit lamp biomicroscopy, symptom score, tear meniscus height, fluorescein tear break-up time, Schirmer's test I, ocular surface staining, dry eye severity, ocular surface disease index score were done. Indications for allo-HSCT, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching, GVHD risk factor, systemic manifestation and treatment were also noted. Results: GVHD occurred in 44.4 per cent of 54 allo-HSCT patients (mean age 26.7 ± 12 yr) included in the study. GVHD risk factors identified included female gender, relapse, older age of donor, cytomagelo virus (CMV) reactivation, and multiparous female donors. oGVHD was noted in 31.5 per cent with mean time to occurrence being 17.8 ± 21.9 months after the allo-HSCT and was observed in 89.5 per cent of chronic GVHD cases. Acute GVHD (oral and dermatological) involvement showed a significant association with GVHD in our patients (P< 0.001, 0R 23.0, CI 6.4-82.1). Chronic GVHD was observed to be associated with the occurrence of oGVHD (dry eye) (P<0.001, OR = 24.0, CI 0.02 - 0.29). Of the 34 eyes with oGHVD, dry eye of level 3 severity was seen in 16, level 2 in six, level 1 in 12 eyes. Interpretation & conclusions: GVHD occurred in 44.4 per cent of the patients studied in the present study. Acute and chronic GVHD showed a strong association with oGVHD. Dry eye disease due to chronic oGVHD was observed in 17 (31.5%) of 54 allo-HSCT patient with chronic oGVHD occurring in 17 (89.4%) of chronic GVHD cases in allo-HSCT patients. Our study on oGVHD in post allo-HSCT patients in tertiary care centre points towards the fact that ocular morbidity due to dry eye disease as a result of oGVHD is a cause for concern in these patients.
  971 327 6
COMMENTARIES
Dilemmas with ethionamide susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis: A microbiologist & physician's nightmare
Mandira Varma-Basil, Rajendra Prasad
November 2015, 142(5):512-514
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171272  PMID:26658583
  923 311 -
CORRESPONDENCES
Free iron status & insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus: Analyzing the probable role of a peanut protein
Souvik Sen, Sumanta Kumar Ghatak, Dipanjali Majumdar, Kamalika Sen, Basudev Bhattacharya
November 2015, 142(5):606-609
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171291  PMID:26658597
  856 323 1
COMMENTARIES
Mapping of cholera cases using satellite based recording systems to investigate the outbreak
Ashish K Mukhopadhyay
November 2015, 142(5):509-511
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171269  PMID:26658582
  840 320 -
CLINICAL IMAGES
Idiopathic bilateral uveal effusion syndrome (UES) in a middle-aged woman
Pukhraj Rishi, Deepak Bhojwani
November 2015, 142(5):623-624
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171326  PMID:26658605
  855 251 -
COMMENTARIES
Human papillomavirus (HPV) insertional mutation as a dynamic & specific tumour biomarker in HPV-associated carcinoma
Xavier Sastre-Garau
November 2015, 142(5):507-508
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171266  PMID:26658581
  757 329 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Malignancies in human immunodeficiency virus infected patients in India: Initial experience in the HAART era
Surendra K Sharma, Manish Soneja, Sanjay Ranjan
November 2015, 142(5):563-567
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171283  PMID:26658591
Background & objectives: Limited data are available on malignancies in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients from India. We undertook this study to assess the frequency and spectrum of malignancies in HIV-infected adult patients during the first eight years of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) rollout under the National ART Programme at a tertiary care centre in New Delhi, India. Methods: Retrospective analysis of records of patients registered at the ART clinic between May 2005 and December 2013 was done. Results: The study included 2598 HIV-infected adult patients with 8315 person-years of follow up. Malignancies were diagnosed in 26 patients with a rate of 3.1 (IQR 2.1-4.5) cases per 1000 person-years. The median age for those diagnosed with malignancy was 45 (IQR 36-54) yr, which was significantly (P<0.01) higher compared with those not developing malignancies 35 (IQR 30-40) yr. The median baseline CD4+ T-cell count in patients with malignancy was 135 (IQR 68-269) cells/µl compared to 164 (IQR 86-243) cells/µl in those without malignancies. AIDS-defining cancers (ADCs) were seen in 19 (73%) patients, while non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADCs) were observed in seven (27%) patients. Malignancies diagnosed included non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (16), carcinoma cervix (3), Hodgkin's lymphoma (2), carcinoma lung (2), hepatocellular carcinoma (1), and urinary bladder carcinoma (1). One patient had primary central nervous system lymphoma. There was no case of Kaposi's sarcoma. Interpretation & conclusions: Malignancies in HIV-infected adult patients were infrequent in patients attending the clinic. Majority of the patients presented with advanced immunosuppression and the ADCs, NHL in particular, were the commonest malignancies.
  766 294 4
Revisiting the susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to ethionamide in solid culture medium
Rajagopalan Lakshmi, Ranjani Ramachandran, D Ravi Kumar, A Syam Sundar, G Radhika, Fathima Rahman, N Selvakumar, Vanaja Kumar
November 2015, 142(5):538-542
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171278  PMID:26658587
Background & objectives: Increase in the isolation of drug resistant phenotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis necessitates accuracy in the testing methodology. Critical concentration defining resistance for ethionamide (ETO), needs re-evaluation in accordance with the current scenario. Thus, re-evaluation of conventional minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and proportion sensitivity testing (PST) methods for ETO was done to identify the ideal breakpoint concentration defining resistance. Methods: Isolates of M. tuberculosis (n=235) from new and treated patients were subjected to conventional MIC and PST methods for ETO following standard operating procedures. Results: With breakpoint concentration set at 114 and 156 µg/ml, an increase in specificity was observed whereas sensitivity was high with 80 µg/ml as breakpoint concentration. Errors due to false resistant and susceptible isolates were least at 80 µg/ml concentration. Interpretation & conclusions: Performance parameters at 80 µg/ml breakpoint concentration indicated significant association between PST and MIC methods.
  753 275 1
CORRESPONDENCES
Are we missing opportunities to prevent cervical cancer in HIV-infected women in India?
Smita Joshi, Vinay Kulkarni, Raman Gangakhedkar, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan
November 2015, 142(5):610-613
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171292  PMID:26658598
  745 264 1
TEM mediated extended spectrum cephalosporin resistance in clinical & environmental isolates of Gram negative bacilli: A report from northeast India
Supriya Upadhyay, SR Joshi
November 2015, 142(5):614-617
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171294  PMID:26658599
  709 242 4
Age, gender & co-morbidities as risk factors for drug-induced diseases
Hasan Tahsin Gozdas, Dilek Arpaci
November 2015, 142(5):618-618
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171297  PMID:26658600
  590 211 -
Aetiology of childhood viral gastroenteritis in Lucknow, North India
Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
November 2015, 142(5):619-619
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171302  PMID:26658602
  480 263 -
BOOK REVIEWS
The ghrelin system

November 2015, 142(5):628-628
  556 165 -
CLINICAL IMAGES
Paraspinal mass in thalassaemia is often extramedullary haematopoiesis
Gaurav Pandey, Hiralal
November 2015, 142(5):621-622
DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.171324  PMID:26658604
  440 249 -
OBITUARY
Dr Vinod Prakash Sharma (1938-2015)
Rajpal Yadav
November 2015, 142(5):625-627
PMID:26658606
  406 205 -
CORRESPONDENCES
Authors' response
Shilpi Gupta, KP Singh, Amita Jain, Shilpi Srivastava, Vishwajeet Kumar, Mastan Singh
November 2015, 142(5):620-620
PMID:26658603
  384 209 -
BOOK REVIEWS
Violence against women and mental health

November 2015, 142(5):629-630
  367 180 -
CORRESPONDENCES
Authors' response
Vishal R Tandon, Vijay Khajuria, Vivek Mahajan, Aman Sharma, Zahid Gilani, Annil Mahajan
November 2015, 142(5):618-618
PMID:26658601
  249 134 -
BOOK REVIEWS
Endocrine tumor syndromes and their genetics

November 2015, 142(5):630-631
  215 145 -
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