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   2007| December  | Volume 126 | Issue 6  
    Online since May 20, 2011

 
 
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Mechanism of infection of a human isolate Salmonella (3,10 :r :-) in chicken ileum : ultrastructural study
Rakesh Chander Yashroy
December 2007, 126(6):558-566
PMID:18219084
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  624 105 -
REVIEW ARTICLES
Lead hepatotoxicity & potential health effects
A Mudipalli
December 2007, 126(6):518-527
PMID:18219078
Occupational and environmental exposures to lead (Pb), one of the toxic metal pollutants, is of global concern. Health risks are increasingly associated with environmental exposures to Pb emissions from, for example, the widespread use of leaded gasoline in developing countries. Exposure occurs mainly through the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems, and the ingested and absorbed Pb is stored primarily in soft tissues and bone. Autopsy studies of Pb-exposed patients have shown a large amount (approximately 33%) of the absorbed Pb in soft tissue stored in liver. In addition to neuronal encephalopathy observed in persons after exposure to very high concentrations of Pb, gastrointestinal colic (abdominal pain, constipation, intestinal paralysis) is a consistent early symptom of Pb poisoning in humans. Such severe gastrointestinal effects are consistently observed in patients with a blood Pb range of 30 to 80 microg/dl. Ingestion of Pb is one of the primary causes of its hepatotoxic effects. Hepatocarcinogenic effects of Pb reported in animal toxicology studies have led to new research into the biochemical and molecular aspects of Pb toxicology. Gains in the molecular understanding of Pb effects on hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes, cholesterol metabolism, oxidative stress, and hepatic hyperplasia suggest a potential role for Pb in damaging extrahepatic systems, including the cardiovascular system. This review also discusses the therapeutic potential of chelation therapy in treating Pb-induced hepatotoxicity in animals.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  188 139 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Bacteriological & epidemiological characteristics of diphtheria cases in & around Delhi -a retrospective study
NC Sharma, JN Banavaliker, R Ranjan, R Kumar
December 2007, 126(6):545-552
PMID:18219082
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  91 199 -
REVIEW ARTICLES
Financial burden of health services for people with HIV/AIDS in India
N Kumarasamy, KK Venkatesh, KH Mayer, K Freedberg
December 2007, 126(6):509-517
PMID:18219077
In resource-limited settings, illness can impose a major financial burden on patients and their families. With the advent and increasing accessibility of antiretroviral therapy, HIV/AIDS has now become a fundamentally chronic treatable disease with far reaching economic and social consequences, and hence it is crucial to also examine the long-term financial impact of HIV healthcare. Beyond the direct costs of medications, monitoring, and medical care, additional costs include the long-term lost earnings of HIV-infected individuals as well as of their household members who also provide care. A clearer understanding of the financial burden of healthcare for HIV-infected Indians can allow policy makers and planners to better allocate limited resources. This article reviews the financial consequences of HIV care and treatment on individuals and their households by examining current treatment options, HIV monitoring, the clinical course of HIV disease, and the roles of the private and public sector in providing HIV care in India. Future studies should more thoroughly examine the financial impact of HIV-related costs incurred by households over time and examine household responses to these costs.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  179 103 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Bacterial infections in burn patients at a burn hospital in Iran
A Ekrami, E Kalantar
December 2007, 126(6):541-544
PMID:18219081
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  96 170 -
BOOK REVIEWS
Ethical guidelines for biomedical research on human participants
SK Bhattacharya, Dipika Sur
December 2007, 126(6):587-588
Full text not available  [PDF]
  153 92 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Molecular characterization of chikungunya virus from Andhra Pradesh, India & phylogenetic relationship with Central African isolates
CV M Naresh Kumar, AM Anthony Johnson, DV R Sai Gopal
December 2007, 126(6):534-540
PMID:18219080
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  130 97 -
COMMENTARIES
Chikungunya virus infection - a resurgent scourge
Asha Mary Abraham, G Sridharan
December 2007, 126(6):502-504
PMID:18219075
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  105 92 -
Burns, antimicrobial resistance & infection control
M Sharma, N Taneja
December 2007, 126(6):505-507
PMID:18219076
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  96 88 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Seroepidemiology of poliovirus antibody among the children in Eastern Turkey
S Vancelik, A Guraksin, A Ayyildiz, NE Beyhun
December 2007, 126(6):528-533
PMID:18219079
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  108 76 -
COMMENTARIES
The polio eradication initiative in India : need for evidence based actions
NK Arora, R Dasgupta, L Sushant
December 2007, 126(6):500-501
PMID:18219074
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  82 95 -
CORRESPONDENCES
Penicillium marneffei infection in a HIV infected child
A Sharma, NK Hazarika, P Barua, I Dey, NK Tudu
December 2007, 126(6):580-582
PMID:18219087
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  87 86 -
Resurrection of DDT : need for caution
N Sivagnaname
December 2007, 126(6):584-584
PMID:18219089
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  72 98 -
BOOKS RECEIVED
Genetics for clinicians

December 2007, 126(6):590-590
Full text not available  [PDF]
  81 88 -
BOOK REVIEWS
Sex-selective abortion in India: Gender, society and new reproductive technologies
SG Kabra
December 2007, 126(6):588-588
Full text not available  [PDF]
  94 73 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Kinetics of microfilaraemia & antigenaemia status by Og(4)C(3) ELISA in bancroftian filariasis
N Malla, A Elango, SP Pani, RC Mahajan
December 2007, 126(6):567-574
PMID:18219085
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  85 81 -
BOOK REVIEWS
The challenge of obesity in the WHO European Region and the strategies for response. Summary
Seema Gulati, Anoop Misra
December 2007, 126(6):588-589
Full text not available  [PDF]
  74 87 -
CORRESPONDENCES
Resurrection of DDT
P Nagaraja Rao
December 2007, 126(6):583-583
PMID:18219088
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  83 78 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Identification & differentiation of Mycobacterium avium & M. intracellulare by PCR- RFLP assay using the groES gene
V Aravindhan, S Sulochana, S Narayanan, CN Paramasivam, PR Narayanan
December 2007, 126(6):575-579
PMID:18219086
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  75 80 -
CORRESPONDENCES
Authors' Response
AP Dash, K Raghavendra, M.K.K. Pillai
December 2007, 126(6):585-586
Full text not available  [PDF]
  71 79 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Clinical features & risk factors associated with cryptosporidiosis in HIV infected adults in India
SS Rao Ajjampur, JR Asirvatham, D Muthusamy, BP Gladstone, OC Abraham, D Mathai, H Ward, C Wanke, G Kang
December 2007, 126(6):553-557
PMID:18219083
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  70 75 -
EDITORIAL
Motivating leaders to "Keep the Promise"? : Thoughts on appropriate, adequate & accessible HIV/AIDS services
Lois M Takahashi
December 2007, 126(6):497-499
PMID:18219073
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  54 75 -
PANEL OF REVIEWERS (2007)
Panel of Reviewers (2007)

December 2007, 126(6):593-603
Full text not available  [PDF]
  55 73 -
SOME FORTHCOMING SCIENTIFIC EVENTS
Some forthcoming scientific events

December 2007, 126(6):591-592
Full text not available  [PDF]
  43 62 -
ANNOUNCEMENT
Announcement

December 2007, 126(6):590-590
Full text not available  [PDF]
  0 0 -
BOOKS RECEIVED
Mass gatherings and public health: The experience of the Athens 2004 Olympic games

December 2007, 126(6):590-590
Full text not available  [PDF]
  0 0 -
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