Indian Journal of Medical Research

: 2019  |  Volume : 149  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 695--705

Overnutrition: Current scenario & combat strategies

Prashant Mathur1, Rakesh Pillai2 
1 National Centre for Disease Informatics & Research, Indian Council of Medical Research, Bengaluru, India
2 INCLEN Institute of Global Health, The INCLEN Trust International, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr Prashant Mathur
National Center for Disease Informatics & Research, Indian Council of Medical Research, Bengaluru 562 110, Karnataka

Large population-based surveys by the Government of India and several other regional studies have reconfirmed the coexisting burden of over- and undernutrition. While time trends from the 2nd, 3rd and 4th rounds of the National Family Health Survey show declining trends in the prevalence of the underweight, it also highlights increasing rates in the overweight/obesity. Dose-response relationships with different micro- and macronutrient consumption with overweight/obesity prevalence have been established. In this context, it was attempted to identify the specific diet pattern and socio-behavioural determinants of overnutrition along with its combat strategies. This review highlights that while the proportion of chronic energy deficiency is decreasing in India, the intake of micronutrients and food groups continues to be below the recommended dietary allowance set by the Indian Council of Medical Research. Distal factors that determine the nutritional imbalance among Indians are presented under (i) household contextual factors, (ii) peer and socio-cultural influencers, and (iii) business and neighbourhood environment. Accumulation of such factors increases the density of obesogenic environment around individuals. Further, the review offers action points at individual, society and policy levels, presented in a 'logframe matrix' for bringing convergence actions across sectors in consultation with programme managers from different ministries/departments.

How to cite this article:
Mathur P, Pillai R. Overnutrition: Current scenario & combat strategies.Indian J Med Res 2019;149:695-705

How to cite this URL:
Mathur P, Pillai R. Overnutrition: Current scenario & combat strategies. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Aug 3 ];149:695-705
Available from:;year=2019;volume=149;issue=6;spage=695;epage=705;aulast=Mathur;type=0