Indian Journal of Medical Research

CLINICAL IMAGE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 149  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 78--79

Multisystem involvement of Langerhans cell histiocytosis in an adult


Nilay Sengul Samanci1, Mesut Ayer2,  
1 Department of Medical Oncology, Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul 34098, Turkey
2 Department of Hematology, Haseki Training & Research Hospital, Istanbul 34098, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Nilay Sengul Samanci
Department of Medical Oncology, Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul 34098
Turkey




How to cite this article:
Samanci NS, Ayer M. Multisystem involvement of Langerhans cell histiocytosis in an adult.Indian J Med Res 2019;149:78-79


How to cite this URL:
Samanci NS, Ayer M. Multisystem involvement of Langerhans cell histiocytosis in an adult. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Nov 12 ];149:78-79
Available from: http://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2019/149/1/78/256702


Full Text

Clinical ImageA 27 yr old man† admitted to the Internal Medicine department of Haseki Training and Research Hospital, Turkey, in January 2015 with complaints of painful, itchy, red papules on his palms and soles for the past four months. He had diabetes insipidus in his medical history. Physical examination revealed diminished breath sounds and hepatomegaly. On his palms and soles erythematous-vesicle-squamous-crusty, lesions were seen [Figure 1]A. Aspartate aminotransferase: 587 U/l, alanine transaminase: 291 U/l, alkaline phosphatase (ALP): 696 U/l, gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT): 1004 U/l, total bilirubin: 26 mg/dl, direct bilirubin:13 mg/dl were measured in the laboratory. Computed tomography findings reveal pleural thickening in the right hemithorax and bullous emphysematous lesions in both lungs, the largest measured 8 cm [Figure 1]B. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography findings were compatible with sclerosing cholangitis. A tube was inserted endoscopically to the bile duct. The punch biopsies were taken from petechial lesions on the hands. Biopsy sections revealed epidermal hyperkeratosis with intra- and subepidermal pustules and at the base of pustules, histiocytes, eosinophilic infiltration of inflammatory cells containing polymorphs were seen. Histiocytic cells had a positive reaction with CD1a and it was consistent with the Langerhans cell histiocytosis group disease [Figure 2]A and [Figure 2]B). After ursodeoxycholic acid and bile duct tube treatment, the value of the ALP, GGT and bilirubin decreased. The treatment consisted of systemic chemotherapy with vinblastine and prednisone. The patient died because of the respiratory failure.{Figure 1}{Figure 2}

Acknowledgment: Authors thank Saime Gül Barut for histological assessment.

Conflicts of Interest: None.