Indian Journal of Medical Research

: 2018  |  Volume : 147  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 322-

Dermatitis neglecta

Sonali Langar1, Sidharth Sonthalia2,  
1 Department of Dermatology, Apollo Hospital, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Skinnocence, The Skin Clinic & Research Centre, Gurugram 122 009, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Sidharth Sonthalia
Skinnocence, The Skin Clinic & Research Centre, Gurugram 122 009, Haryana

How to cite this article:
Langar S, Sonthalia S. Dermatitis neglecta.Indian J Med Res 2018;147:322-322

How to cite this URL:
Langar S, Sonthalia S. Dermatitis neglecta. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Jan 22 ];147:322-322
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Full Text

A 22 year old girl† presented to the department of Dermatology, Apollo Hospital, Noida, India, in October 2016, with hyperpigmented crusted plaques on her cheeks for two months. Believing that frequent washing of the face is skin protective, she used to splash water on her face 12-15 times a day, albeit without mopping. Dermatological examination revealed greasy, hyperpigmented loosely-adherent crusts and cornflake-like brownish scales on cheeks [Figure 1], which completely cleared on wetting and rubbing with saline-soaked cotton [Figure 2]. She was referred for psychiatric counselling with a clinical diagnosis of dermatitis neglecta (DN) with associated obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). She was advised to scrub and mop-dry her face with soap water 3-4 times a day and use a moisturizing lotion at least twice a day. Capsule fluoxetine 20 mg/day was started with a gradual increase to 60 mg/day over three months. Review at four months revealed considerable improvement and fluoxetine was stopped. DN stems from the progressive accumulation of sebum, sweat and keratinous debris due to inadequate cleaning or scrubbing of the skin. Its closest differential, terra firma-forme dermatosis is distinguished arbitrarily by the presence of adequate hygiene and the absence of typical scales of DN. A considerable clinical overlap exists between the two.{Figure 1}{Figure 2}

Conflicts of Interest: None.