Indian Journal of Medical Research

BOOK REVIEW
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 140  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 155-

Probiotic bacteria and their effect on human health and well-being


BS Ramakrishna 
 Department of Gastrointestinal Sciences Christian Medical College Vellore 632 004, India

Correspondence Address:
B S Ramakrishna
Department of Gastrointestinal Sciences Christian Medical College Vellore 632 004
India




How to cite this article:
Ramakrishna B S. Probiotic bacteria and their effect on human health and well-being.Indian J Med Res 2014;140:155-155


How to cite this URL:
Ramakrishna B S. Probiotic bacteria and their effect on human health and well-being. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2014 [cited 2020 Aug 5 ];140:155-155
Available from: http://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2014/140/1/155/140110


Full Text

A. Guarino, E.M.M. Quigley, W.A. Walker, editors (Karger, Basel, Switzerland) 2013.

201 pages. Price:US$ 231.00/CHF 196.00/EUR 163.00

ISBN 978-3-318-02324-4

This compact book (volume 107 of the World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics series) is edited by three very well-known gastroenterologists (two paediatric and one adult). It brings together the state of current knowledge in the field of probiotics. Probiotics are used widely in food with the hope and expectation that these will enhance health and prevent disease. The chapters in this book, each written by an expert in the field, survey the science underlying the role of the gut microbiota in health and the use of probiotics to manipulate this. The introductory chapter traces the evolution of the definition of probiotics and the regulations concerning their sale as food products. Subsequent chapters review the gut microbiota from birth through adult to ageing healthy individuals. The complex interactions between the microbiome and the immune system of the intestine - the largest immune organ in the body, are well covered in two chapters. The emerging field of the connections between the gut microbiota and brain chemistry is reviewed in another interesting chapter. The rationale for probiotic use in the therapy of a wide variety of disorders ranging from intestinal disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders and neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis to systemic and specific disorders including metabolic syndrome, obesity, allergies, and respiratory infections, is covered in some detail. Dosing and safety considerations are also reviewed. It is clear that there remain many unanswered questions in the field, and that there are emerging targets for probiotic use.

This book will be very useful for scientists and clinicians engaged in probiotic research and development. However, the rapid nature of evolution in this field will probably make this book less useful to practicing clinicians.