Indian Journal of Medical Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 139  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 864--872

Protective effects of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase on neurotoxicity of aluminium applied into the CA1 sector of rat hippocampus


Marina D Jovanovic1, Ankica Jelenkovic2, Ivana D Stevanovic1, Dubravko Bokonjic3, Miodrag Colic1, Natasa Petronijevic4, Danica B Stanimirovic5 
1 Military Medical Academy, Institute for Medical Research, Belgrade, Serbia
2 University of Belgrade, Institute for Biological Research, Belgrade, Serbia
3 Military Medical Academy, National Poison Control Centre, Belgrade, Serbia
4 University of Belgrade, School of Medicine, Institute of Biochemistry, Belgrade, Serbia
5 Institute for Biological Sciences, National Research Council, Ottawa, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Marina D Jovanovic
Military Medical Academy, Institute for Medical Research Crnotravska 17, 11000, Belgrade
Serbia

Background & objectives: Aluminum (Al) toxicity is closely linked to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer«SQ»s disease (AD). This experimental study was aimed to investigate the active avoidance behaviour of rats after intrahippocampal injection of Al, and biochemical and immunohistochemical changes in three bilateral brain structures namely, forebrain cortex (FBCx), hippocampus and basal forebrain (BF). Methods: Seven days after intra-hippocampal (CA1 sector) injection of AlCl 3 into adult male Wistar rats they were subjected to two-way active avoidance (AA) tests over five consecutive days. Control rats were treated with 0.9% w/v saline. The animals were decapitated on the day 12 post-injection. The activities of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) were measured in the FBCx, hippocampus and BF. Immunohistochemical staining was performed for transferrin receptors, amyloid β and tau protein. Results: The activities of both AChE and G6PDH were found to be decreased bilaterally in the FBCx, hippocampus and basal forebrain compared to those of control rats. The number of correct AA responses was reduced by AlCl 3 treatment. G6PDH administered prior to AlCl 3 resulted in a reversal of the effects of AlCl 3 on both biochemical and behavioural parameters. Strong immunohistochemical staining of transferrin receptors was found bilaterally in the FBCx and the hippocampus in all three study groups. In addition, very strong amyloid β staining was detected bilaterally in all structures in AlCl 3 -treated rats but was moderate in G6PDH/AlCl 3 -treated rats. Strong tau staining was noted bilaterally in AlCl 3 -treated rats. In contrast, tau staining was only moderate in G6PDH/AlCl 3 -treated rats. Interpretation & conclusions: Our findings indicated that the G6PDH alleviated the signs of behavioural and biochemical effects of AlCl 3 -treatment suggesting its involvement in the pathogenesis of Al neurotoxicity and its potential therapeutic benefit. The present model could serve as a useful tool in AD investigations.


How to cite this article:
Jovanovic MD, Jelenkovic A, Stevanovic ID, Bokonjic D, Colic M, Petronijevic N, Stanimirovic DB. Protective effects of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase on neurotoxicity of aluminium applied into the CA1 sector of rat hippocampus.Indian J Med Res 2014;139:864-872


How to cite this URL:
Jovanovic MD, Jelenkovic A, Stevanovic ID, Bokonjic D, Colic M, Petronijevic N, Stanimirovic DB. Protective effects of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase on neurotoxicity of aluminium applied into the CA1 sector of rat hippocampus. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2014 [cited 2020 Sep 24 ];139:864-872
Available from: http://www.ijmr.org.in/article.asp?issn=0971-5916;year=2014;volume=139;issue=6;spage=864;epage=872;aulast=Jovanovic;type=0