Indian Journal of Medical Research

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2008  |  Volume : 127  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 239--244

Vitamin D & bone mineral density of healthy school children in northern India


RK Marwaha, G Sripathy 
 Division of Endocrinology & Thyroid Research, Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences. Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
R K Marwaha
Division of Endocrinology & Thyroid Research, Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences. Delhi, India

Studies on bone mineral health in children have been primarily based on clinical, biochemical and radiological evidence. Measurement of vitamin D levels and bone mass by non invasive imaging techniques like dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), have led to a plethora of data regarding various factors responsible for bone mineral health from various countries including India. We reviewed the currently available evidence on status of calcium-vitamin D-parathormone (PTH) relationship and bone mineral density (BMD) in apparently healthy children. High prevalence of clinical and biochemical hypovitaminosis D exists in apparently healthy school children from north India. Also, children from upper socio-economic strata (USES) from Delhi had significantly higher mean BMD values at distal forearm (BMDdf) and calcameum (BMDca) than those from lower socio-economic strata (LSES). Age, nutrition, height and weight were seen to be significantly associated with BMD at peripheral sites.


How to cite this article:
Marwaha R K, Sripathy G. Vitamin D & bone mineral density of healthy school children in northern India.Indian J Med Res 2008;127:239-244


How to cite this URL:
Marwaha R K, Sripathy G. Vitamin D & bone mineral density of healthy school children in northern India. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2008 [cited 2020 Jul 13 ];127:239-244
Available from: http://www.ijmr.org.in/article.asp?issn=0971-5916;year=2008;volume=127;issue=3;spage=239;epage=244;aulast=Marwaha;type=0