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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 150  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 239-247

National Iron Plus Initiative: Current status & future strategy


1 Department of Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Pathology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belagavi, India
3 Department of Food & Nutrition, Lady Irwin College, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr Umesh Kapil
Department of Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1782_18

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Anaemia is a severe public health problem amongst all vulnerable age groups in India. The National Nutritional Anaemia Prophylaxis Programme initiated in 1970, was revised and expanded to include beneficiaries from all age groups namely children aged 6-59 months, 5-10 yr, adolescents aged 10-19 yr, pregnant and lactating women and women in reproductive age group under the National Iron Plus Initiative (NIPI) programme in 2011. The dose of iron, frequency and duration of iron supplementation and roles and responsibilities of the functionaries were described. At present, the coverage of beneficiaries with iron and folic acid has been poor at the national level. The prevalence of anaemia has continued to remain high during the last 60 years, and there has been no significant change in the scenario due to various reasons. The constraints in implementation and measures to improve the NIPI programme are discussed in the current article.


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