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CLINICAL IMAGE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 149  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 428-429

Palpable crepitus as a rare clinical presentation of emphysematous pyelonephritis


Department of Urology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry 605 006, India

Date of Submission14-Jan-2018
Date of Web Publication24-Jun-2019

Correspondence Address:
Ramanitharan Manikandan
Department of Urology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry 605 006
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_98_18

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How to cite this article:
Jain A, Manikandan R. Palpable crepitus as a rare clinical presentation of emphysematous pyelonephritis. Indian J Med Res 2019;149:428-9

How to cite this URL:
Jain A, Manikandan R. Palpable crepitus as a rare clinical presentation of emphysematous pyelonephritis. Indian J Med Res [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Nov 22];149:428-9. Available from: http://www.ijmr.org.in/text.asp?2019/149/3/428/261121

†Patient's consent obtained to publish clinical information and images


A 41 yr old diabetic and hypertensive woman presented to the emergency department of Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry, India, in October 2016 with complaints of abdominal pain, fever and breathlessness for the past one week. On examination, she had left flank tenderness with palpable crepitus occupying the entire flank region extending on to the gluteal region. Her urine microscopy demonstrated pyuria with bacteriuria. Urine culture showed  Escherichia More Details coli and Enterococcus species. Total leucocyte counts were 33,340/μl, random blood sugar was 547 mg/dl and serum creatinine was 11.04 mg/dl. X-ray and computerized tomography of the abdomen showed emphysematous pyelonephritis of the left kidney with extensive parenchymal destruction, pneumoretroperitoneum and subcutaneous emphysema [Figure 1][Figure 2],[Figure 3]. After initial resuscitation with intravenous antibiotics and haemodialysis, four percutaneous drains were placed in the renal parenchyma and paranephric space under ultrasonographic guidance. The patient recovered well after drainage of foul-smelling pus and gas. Subcutaneous emphysema resolved spontaneously. The patient underwent delayed nephrectomy four weeks after effective control of blood sugar levels. In this patient, the extensive subcutaneous emphysema led to the clinical suspicion of emphysematous pyelonephritis which was confirmed by imaging. The patient reported for the last follow up three months after the surgery with a nadir serum creatinine of 2 mg/dl.
Figure 1: X-ray kidney ureter bladder showing gaseous radio-dense shadow occupying left side of abdomen (arrow).

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Figure 2: Cross-section computed tomographic images showing gas in perinephric space (arrow).

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Figure 3: Coronal reformatted computed tomographic image showing destruction of the left kidney with emphysematous changes, retropneumoperitoneum and subcutaneous emphysema (arrow).

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Conflicts of Interest: None.




    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]



 

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