Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 148  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 15-26

Mid-life fertility: Challenges & policy planning


Department of Assisted Reproduction, Jindal IVF & Sant Memorial Nursing Home, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr Umesh N Jindal
Department of Assisted Reproduction, Jindal IVF & Sant Memorial Nursing Home, 3050, Sector 20 D, Chandigarh 160 020
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_647_18

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This review highlights the challenges, priority areas of research and planning, strategies for regulation of services and the need to develop guidelines and laws for fertility treatments during mid-life. The success rate of all treatments is poor in advanced age women because of declining ovarian reserve and natural fertility. There is often a need of third-party involvement which has its own ethical, legal and medical issues. Welfare of children born to older women and early death of parents are important concerns. Most of the new techniques such as the pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, oocyte augmentation, use of stem cells or artificial gametes, ovarian tissue preservation and ovarian transplantation are directed to improve, preserve or replace the declining ovarian reserve. These techniques are costly and have limited availability, safety and efficacy data. Continued research and policies are required to keep pace with these techniques. The other important issues include the patients' personal autonomy and right of self-determination, welfare of offspring, public vs. private funding for research and development of new technologies vs. indiscriminate use of unproven technology. It is important that mid-life fertility is recognized as a distinct area of human reproduction requiring special considerations.


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