Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
  Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login  
  Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Users Online: 245       
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 147  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 407-412

Pharmacokinetics of colistin in patients with multidrug-resistant Gram-negative infections: A pilot study


1 Department of Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Medical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Correspondence Address:
Dr Vikas Gautam
3243/21-D, Chandigarh 160 022
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1464_16

Rights and Permissions

Background & objectives: There is little information concerning intravenously (i.v.) administered colistin in patients with multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative infections. Thus, this pilot prospective study was undertaken to characterize efficacy and pharmacokinetics of colistin in patients with MDR Gram-negative infections. Methods: Nine patients with age >12 yr and MDR Gram-negative infections were included, of whom six were given colistin at the doses of 2 MU, while three patients were given 1 MU i.v. dose every 8 h. Blood samples were collected at different time intervals. Determination of colistin concentration was done by a ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry/selected reaction monitoring assay. Results: The area under the plasma concentration-versus-time curve over eight hours (AUC0-8) for colistin after the 1st dose ranged from 3.3 to 16.4 mg×h/l (median, 4.59). After the 5th dose, AUC0-8for colistin ranged from 4.4 to 15.8 mg×h/l (median, 6.0). With minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of 0.125 mg/l, AUC0-8/MIC ranged from 26.7 to 131.4 (median, 36.7) and 35.5 to 126.0 (median, 48.0) after the 1st and the 5th doses of 2 MU every 8 h, respectively. Interpretation & conclusions: As there is a paucity of information on AUC/MIC for colistin, it may not be possible to conclude whether AUC/MIC values in our patients were adequate. There is a microbiological clearance of organism, which goes in favour of the dosing schedule being adequate. Further studies need to be done to understand the pharmacokinetics of colistin in patients with infections.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed932    
    Printed6    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded300    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal