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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 146  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 71-77

Potential benefit of optimizing atrioventricular & interventricular delays in patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy

1 Department of Electrocardiology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
2 Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland

Correspondence Address:
Bozena Urbanek
Department of Electrocardiology, Medical University of Lodz, 251 Pomorska St, 92-213 Lodz
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1560_14

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Background & objectives: The clinical benefit of optimization (OPT) of atrioventricular delay (AVD) and interventricular delay (VVD) in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) remains debatable. This study was aimed to determine the influence of AVD and VVD OPT on selected parameters in patients early after CRT implantation and at mid-term follow up (FU). Methods: Fifty two patients (61±10 yr, 23 males) with left bundle branch block, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35 per cent and heart failure were selected for CRT implantation. Early on the second day (2DFU) after CRT implantation, the patients were assigned to the OPT or the factory setting (FS) group. Haemodynamic and electrical parameters were evaluated at baseline, on 2DFU after CRT and mid-term FU [three-month FU (3MFU)]. Echocardiographic measures were assessed before implantation and at 3MFU. The AVD/VVD was deemed optimal for the highest cardiac output (CO) with impedance cardiography (ICG) monitoring. Results: On 2DFU, the AVD was shorter in the OPT group, LV was paced earlier than in FS group and CO was insignificantly higher in OPT group. At 3MFU, improvement of CO was observed only in OPT patients, but the intergroup difference was not significant. At 3MFU in OPT group, reduction of LV in terms of LV end-diastolic diameter (LVeDD), LV end-systolic diameter, LV end-diastolic and systolic volume with the improvement in LVEF was observed. In FS group, only a reduction in LVeDD was present. In OPT group, the paced QRS duration was shorter than in FS group patients. Interpretation & conclusions: CRT OPT of AVD and VVD with ICG was associated with a higher CO and better reverse LV remodelling. CO monitoring with ICG is a simple, non-invasive tool to optimize CRT devices.

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