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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 145  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 551-557

Typical & atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli in diarrhoea & their role as carrier in children under five


1 Department of Microbiology, University College of Medical Sciences & Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi, India
2 Department of Paediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences & Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi, India
3 Divisioin of Biotechnology & Molecular Biology, National Centre for Disease Control, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Shukla Das
Department of Microbiology, University College of Medical Sciences & Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Dilshad Garden, Delhi 110 095
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_25_15

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Background & objectives: Multidrug-resistant enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is responsible for a large number of cases of infantile diarrhoea in developing countries, causing failure in treatment with consequent health burden and resulting in a large number of deaths every year. This study was undertaken to determine the proportion of typical and atypical EPEC in under five children with diarrhoea and controls, their function as a carriage and to identify virulent genes associated with them. Methods: During the study period, 120 stool samples including 80 from controls children were collected and analyzed for the presence of EPEC using standard bacteriological methods. Isolates were subjected to antimicrobial testing by disc diffusion method. Isolates confirmed as E. coli by phenotypic method were further tested for the presence of attaching and effacing (eae) and bundle-forming pilus (bfpA) genes by real-time SYBR Green-based polymerase chain reaction. Results: All isolates were tested for the presence of EPEC. The frequency of typical EPEC was 20 and 16.25 per cent whereas the frequency of atypical EPEC strains was 5 and 23.75 per cent in patients and controls, respectively (P<0.05) and bfpA was seen in 45 and 18.75 per cent isolates of diarrhoeal patients and controls, respectively. Interpretation & conclusions: Our results showed that typical EPEC was a common cause of diarrhoea, but at the same time, atypical EPEC was emerging as colonizers in the intestine of children with and without diarrhoea in and around Delhi. Children can be considered asymptomatic carriers of these pathogens and can transmit them to other susceptible children. Adequate steps need to be taken to stop these strains from developing and spreading further.


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