Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 145  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 334-338

Comparative study of clinical features of patients with celiac disease & those with concurrent celiac disease & type 1 diabetes mellitus


1 Department of Endocrinology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Gastroenterology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sanjay Kumar Bhadada
Department of Endocrinology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160 012
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_666_14

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Background & objectives: Celiac disease (CD) and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) share a common genetic locus and clinical manifestations. The present study was planned to compare clinical, biochemical and hormonal profiles of patients with CD and CD with T1DM. Methods: Records of CD patients with age ≤20 yr, available anthropometric measurements, haematological, biochemical and hormonal workup with tissue transglutaminase IgA antibody and duodenal biopsy (Marsh grade) were screened. The patients were divided into two groups i.e., CD alone (Group A) and concurrent CD with T1DM (Group B). Results: One hundred and nine patients of CD (57 male) with a mean age of 14.9±2.9 yr were evaluated. Of these, 86 (78.9%) patients had CD alone and 23 (13 females) (21.1%) patients had CD with T1DM. The age at diagnosis and the lag duration for the diagnosis of CD were 11.5±4.6 versus 13.8±3.4 yr (P<0.05) and 48.8 ±43.3 versus 20.2±31.8 months (P<0.05) in groups A and B, respectively. The most common histopathological grade was type 3b (59.2%) in group A and type 2 (42.1%) in group B. Short stature (87% vs. 40.9%; P<0.01), anaemia (80.9% vs. 45%, P<0.01) and delayed puberty (61.9% vs. 29.4%; P<0.01) were more common in group A. Interpretation & conclusions: Patients with CD alone have a longer lag time to diagnosis and consequent sequel in the form of anaemia, short stature and delayed puberty, as compared to patients with concurrent CD and T1DM.


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