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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 143  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 184-196

Investigation of FANCA gene in Fanconi anaemia patients in Iran


1 Medical Biotechnology Institute, National Institute of Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology (NIGEB), Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Pediatric Hematology & Oncology, Sayyd-al-Shohada Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran
3 Division of Hematology & Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Tehran University of Medical Science; Pediatric Hematology & Oncology, MAHAK Children's Hospital, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Frouzandeh Mahjoubi
Division of Medical Genetics, National Institute of Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology (NIGEB), Pajoohesh Blvd, Tehran - Karaj Highway, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-5916.180206

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Background & objectives: Fanconi anaemia (FA) is a syndrome with a predisposition to bone marrow failure, congenital anomalies and malignancies. It is characterized by cellular hypersensitivity to cross-linking agents such as mitomycin C (MMC). In the present study, a new approach was selected to investigate FANCA (Fanconi anaemia complementation group A) gene in patients clinically diagnosed with cellular hypersensitivity to DNA cross-linking agent MMC. Methods: Chromosomal breakage analysis was performed to prove the diagnosis of Fanconi anaemia in 318 families. Of these, 70 families had a positive result. Forty families agreed to molecular genetic testing. In total, there were 27 patients with unknown complementary types. Genomic DNA was extracted and total RNA was isolated from fresh whole blood of the patients. The first-strand cDNA was synthesized and the cDNA of each patient was then tested with 21 pairs of overlapping primers. High resolution melting curve analysis was used to screen FANCA, and LinReg software version 1.7 was utilized for analysis of expression. Results: In total, six sequence alterations were identified, which included two stop codons, two frames-shift mutations, one large deletion and one amino acid exchange. FANCA expression was downregulated in patients who had sequence alterations. Interpretation & conclusions: The results of the present study show that high resolution melting (HRM) curve analysis may be useful in the detection of sequence alteration. It is simpler and more cost-effective than the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) procedure.


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