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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 143  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 72-78

Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) for rapid diagnosis of neonatal sepsis


1 Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka; Department of Microbiology, Madras Medical Mission, 4-A, Dr. J.J. Nagar, Mogappair, Chennai 600 037, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Microbiology, College of Fisheries, Mangalore; Faculty of Biomedical Science, Nitte University Centre for Science Education & Research, India
3 Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Indrani Karunasagar
Nitte University Centre for Science Education & Research, Nitte University, University enclave, Medical Science Complex, Deralakatte, Mangalore 575 018, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-5916.178613

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Background & objectives: The difficulties in diagnosis of neonatal sepsis are due to varied clinical presentation, low sensitivity of blood culture which is considered the gold standard and empirical antibiotic usage affecting the outcome of results. Though polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based detection of bacterial 16S rRNA gene has been reported earlier, this does not provide identification of the causative agent. In this study, we used restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of amplified 16S rRNA gene to identify the organisms involved in neonatal sepsis and compared the findings with blood culture. Methods: Blood samples from 97 neonates were evaluated for diagnosis of neonatal sepsis using BacT/Alert (automated blood culture) and PCR-RFLP. Results: Bacterial DNA was detected by 16S rRNA gene PCR in 55 cases, while BacT/Alert culture was positive in 34 cases. Staphylococcus aureus was the most common organism detected with both methods. Klebsiella spp. was isolated from four samples by culture but was detected by PCR-RFLP in five cases while Acinetobacter spp. was isolated from one case but detected in eight cases by PCR-RFLP. The sensitivity of PCR was found to be 82.3 per cent with a negative predictive value of 85.7 per cent. Eighty of the 97 neonates had prior exposure to antibiotics. Interpretation & conclusions:The results of our study demonstrate that PCR-RFLP having a rapid turnaround time may be useful for the early diagnosis of culture negative neonatal sepsis.


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